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Table 1 Distribution of the sample across questionnaire variables and gender

From: Are distinctive risk indicators associated with different stages of caries in children? A cross-sectional study

   Male n (%) Female n (%) Total n (%)
Parental nationality European Union 177 (45.85) 175 (45.34) 352 (91.19)
Not European Union 22 (5.70) 12 (2.11) 34 (8.81)
Maternal nationality European Union 185 (47.56) 180 (46.27) 365 (92.90)
Not European Union 15 (3.86) 9 (2.31) 24 (7.10)
Paternal nationality European Union 189 (48.96) 181 (46.90) 370 (95.86)
Not European Union 10 (2.59) 6 (1.55) 16 (4.14)
Eruption timing of primary teeth <6 months 58 (15.22) 57 (14.96) 115 (30.18)
6-9 months 124 (32.55) 117 (30.71) 241 (63.26)
>9 months 16 (4.20) 9 (2.36) 25 (6.56)
Maternal educational level Compulsory education 64 (16.45) 85 (21.85) 149 (28.30)
Secondary school 104 (26.73) 82 (21.08) 186 (47.81)
University 32 (8.23) 22 (5.66) 54 (13.89)
Paternal educational level Compulsory education 99 (25.65) 110 (28.50) 209 (54.15)
Secondary school 78 (20.20) 66 (17.10) 144 (37.30)
University 22 (5.70) 11 (2.85) 33 (8.55)
Maternal occupational status Housewife 69 (17.78) 78 (20.10) 147 (37.88)
Unemployed 22 (5.67) 26 (6.70) 48 (12.37)
Employed 89 (22.94) 59 (15.21) 148 (38.15)
Self-employed 21 (5.41) 24 (6.19) 45 (11.60)
Paternal occupational status Unemployed 29 (7.63) 25 (6.58) 54 (14.21)
Employed 118 (31.05) 106 (27.90) 224 (58.95)
Self-employed 52 (13.68) 50 (13.16) 102 (26.84)
Breast-feeding at least for 3 months Yes 167 (42.93) 159 (40.87) 326 (83.80)
No 34 (8.74) 29 (7.46) 63 (16.20)
Bottle-feeding at least for 3 months Yes 164 (42.27) 152 (39.17) 316 (81.44)
No 37 (9.54) 35 (9.02) 72 (18.56)
Sweet bottle-feeding at night Yes 25 (6.63) 33 (8.75) 58 (15.38)
No 167 (44.30) 152 (40.32) 319 (84.32)
Sweetened pacifier at night Yes 57 (14.65) 73 (18.77) 130 (33.42)
No 143 (36.76) 116 (29.82) 259 (66.58)
Sweetened drink before sleeping No 70 (18.09) 67 (17.30) 137 (27.12)
Yes 129 (33.33) 123 (31.26) 250 (64.60)
Lactose-free milk Yes 23 (5.96) 16 (4.14) 39 (10.10)
No 176 (45.60) 171 (44.30) 347 (89.90)
Fluoride content in toothpaste Yes 142 (36.50) 125 (32.14) 267 (68.64)
No 58 (14.91) 64 (16.45) 122 (31.36)
Frequency of toothbrushing 1/day 41 (10.54) 31 (7.97) 72 (18.51)
2/day 110 (28.28) 116 (29.82) 226 (58.10)
>2/day 50 (12.85) 41 (10.54) 91 (23.39)
Fluoride supplement Yes 11 (2.87) 17 (4.44) 28 (7.31)
No 185 (48.30) 170 (44.39) 355 (92.69)
Frequency of dental check-ups, parents 6 months 31 (8.20) 20 (5.29) 51 (13.49)
Once per year 63 (16.67) 67 (17.72) 130 (34.39)
Once every 2 years 33 (8.73) 29 (7.67) 62 (16.40)
When in pain 68 (17.99) 67 (17.73) 135 (35.72)
Frequency of dental check-ups, children 6 months 34 (12.27) 23 (8.30) 57 (20.57)
Once per year 51 (18.41) 49 (17.69) 100 (36.10)
Once every 2 years 8 (2.89) 14 (5.06) 22 (7.95)
When in pain 51 (18.41) 47 (16.97) 98 (35.38)