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Table 3 Proportion of drinkers using aids during their most recent attempt to cut down stratified by socio-demographic and drinking characteristics

From: Use of aids for smoking cessation and alcohol reduction: A population survey of adults in England

   Combination of aids Behavioural support Self-help   
Strata Nothing/Willpower Any aid Licensed medication or behavioural Licensed medication Any behavioural support Any face-to-face support Any self-help Group counselling Specialist clinic Community pharmacist Telephone helpline Printed Digital Complementary alternative medicine Other
Sex %(n)          *       *
Male 79.0 (456) 13.7 (79) 5.9 (34) 0.9 (5) 5.7 (33) 5.5 (32) 4.0 (23) 2.4 (14) 3.8 (22) 0.5 (3) 0.7 (4) 1.6 (9) 2.9 (17) 0.5 (3) 5.5 (32)
Female 76.6 (256) 17.1 (57) 5.4 (18) 1.8 (6) 3.9 (13) 3.6 (12) 3.3 (11) 2.4 (8) 0.9 (3) 0.6 (2) 0.6 (2) 1.5 (5) 2.1 (7) 0.6 (2) 9.0 (30)
Age (years)       *          
16–24 82.4 (112) 11.8 (16) 7.4 (10) 0.7 (1) 6.6 (9) 6.6 (9) 4.4 (6) 1.5 (2) 3.7 (5) 1.5 (2) 0.7 (1) 2.9 (4) 2.9 (4) 0.0 (0) 3.7 (5)
25–34 80.5 (99) 14.6 (18) 5.7 (7) 0.8 (1) 4.9 (6) 4.9 (6) 4.1 (5) 2.4 (3) 2.4 (3) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.8 (1) 4.1 (5) 0.8 (1) 5.7 (7)
35–44 74.2 (115) 20.6 (32) 9.7 (15) 2.6 (4) 7.7 (12) 7.7 (12) 4.5 (7) 3.9 (6) 4.5 (7) 0.6 (1) 0.6 (1) 1.9 (3) 2.6 (4) 0.0 (0) 8.4 (13)
45–54 79.4 (162) 14.7 (30) 5.4 (11) 1.5 (3) 5.4 (11) 4.9 (10) 4.9 (10) 3.4 (7) 2.9 (6) 1.0 (2) 1.5 (3) 2.0 (4) 2.9 (6) 1.5 (3) 5.9 (12)
55–64 78.2 (113) 13.5 (23) 3.5 (6) 0.6 (1) 3.5 (6) 3.5 (6) 2.4 (4) 1.8 (3) 2.4 (4) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.6 (1) 2.4 (4) 0.0 (0) 8.2 (14)
65 and over 74.0 (91) 13.8 (17) 2.4 (3) 0.8 (1) 1.6 (2) 0.8 (1) 1.6 (2) 0.8 (1) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.8 (1) 0.8 (1) 0.8 (1) 0.8 (1) 8.9 (11)
Social grade *** *** *** *** *** ***   ** ***   ** **    
AB 80.6 (253) 12.1 (38) 1.9 (6) 0.3 (1) 1.9 (6) 1.9 (6) 2.5 (8) 1.6 (5) 1.0 (3) 0.3 (1) 0.3 (1) 0.6 (2) 2.2 (7) 0.0 (0) 8.0 (25)
C1 81.4 (253) 12.5 (39) 5.1 (16) 1.3 (4) 4.2 (13) 4.2 (13) 3.2 (10) 1.9 (6) 1.9 (6) 0.6 (2) 0.0 (0) 1.3 (4) 2.3 (7) 0.6 (2) 5.5 (17)
C2 79.3 (99) 12.8 (16) 4.0 (5) 0.0 (0) 4.0 (5) 4.0 (5) 3.2 (4) 0.8 (1) 2.4 (3) 0.8 (1) 0.8 (1) 1.6 (2) 2.4 (3) 1.6 (2) 5.6 (7)
D 72.8 (59) 23.5 (19) 13.6 (11) 0.0 (0) 13.6 (11) 11.1 (9) 6.2 (5) 4.9 (4) 6.2 (5) 1.2 (1) 2.5 (2) 2.7 (3) 3.7 (3) 1.2 (1) 7.4 (6)
E 60.0 (48) 30.0 (24) 17.5 (14) 7.5 (6) 13.8 (11) 13.8 (11) 8.8 (7) 7.5 (6) 10.0 (8) 0.0 (0) 2.5 (2) 3.8 (3) 5.0 (4) 0.0 (0) 8.8 (7)
Ethnicity %(n) * ** **   *** ** ** *   *    **   
White 78.9 (678) 14.1 (121) 5.0 (43) 1.2 (10) 4.3 (37) 4.2 (36) 3.3 (28) 2.0 (17) 2.8 (24) 0.3 (3) 0.5 (4) 1.4 (12) 2.2 (19) 0.6 (5) 6.9 (59)
Non-white 64.6 (31) 29.2 (14) 16.7 (8) 2.1 (1) 16.7 (8) 14.6 (7) 12.5 (6) 8.3 (4) 2.1 (1) 4.2 (2) 4.2 (2) 4.2 (2) 10.4 (5) 0.0 (0) 6.2 (3)
Units of alcohol on a typical day          **       
1–2 77.9 (95) 14.8 (18) 5.8 (7) 2.5 (3) 5.0 (6) 6.6 (8) 1.7 (2) 2.5 (3) 4.2 (5) 0.0 (0) 0.8 (1) 0.8 (1) 1.6 (2) 1.6 (2) 5.7 (7)
3–4 76.9 (263) 15.2 (52) 4.7 (16) 0.3 (1) 4.7 (16) 4.7 (16) 3.8 (13) 2.9 (10) 1.5 (5) 0,3 (1) 0.3 (1) 1.5 (5) 2.6 (9) 0.3 (1) 8.2 (28)
5–6 76.7 (148) 16.6 (32) 4.1 (8) 1.0 (2) 3.1 (6) 2.6 (5) 5.7 (11) 1.0 (2) 1.0 (2) 0.5 (1) 0.5 (1) 3.1 (6) 3.6 (7) 0.0 (0) 8.3 (16)
7–9 82.4 (98) 12.6 (15) 5.0 (6) 0.8 (1) 4.2 (5) 3.4 (4) 3.4 (4) 0.0 (0) 1.7 (2) 1.7 (2) 0.8 (1) 0.8 (1) 3.4 (4) 0.8 (1) 4.2 (5)
10+ 108 (80) 14.1 (19) 9.6 (13) 3.0 (4) 8.1 (11) 8.1 (11) 2.2 (3) 3.7 (5) 6.7 (9) 0.7 (1) 1.5 (2) 0.7 (1) 1.5 (2) 0.7 (1) 4.4 (6)
Total %(n) 78.2 (712) 14.9 (136) 5.7 (52) 1.2 (11) 5.0 (46) 4.8 (44) 3.7 (34) 2.4 (22) 2.7 (25) 0.5 (5) 0.7 (6) 1.5 (14) 2.6 (24) 0.5 (5) 6.8 (62)
  1. Figures are presented as % (n) within stratum; those who reported that they used hypnosis or acupuncture were classed as having used an alternative complementary medicine; those using a website or mobile phone application were grouped as having used an digital intervention; any aid includes all aids listed; any behavioural support includes any face-to-face support and telephone helpline; any face-to-face support includes group counselling, specialist clinic and community pharmacist; any self-help includes printed and digital interventions; P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001 (by linear-by-linear X2 tests or Pearson’s X2 test)