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Table 2 Proportion of smokers using aids during their most recent quit attempt stratified by socio-demographic and smoking characteristics

From: Use of aids for smoking cessation and alcohol reduction: A population survey of adults in England

  Nothing/willpower Combination of aids Licensed medication Electronic cigarettes Behavioural support Self-help Complementary alternative medicine Other
Strata   Any aid Licensed medication or behavioural support Any prescription medication Any licensed medication Any behavioural support Any face-to-face support Any self-help NRT on prescription Varenicline Buproprion NRT over-the-counter   Group counselling Individual counselling Telephone helpline Printed Digital   
Sex %(n) *      * *       *        
Male 40.5 (316) 58.1 (454) 31.0 (242) 10.8 (84) 30.3 (237) 1.5 (12) 1.5 (12) 1.5 (12) 5.4 (42) 5.0 (39) 0.8 (6) 20.5 (160) 26.8 (209) 0.8 (6) 0.9 (7) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.5 (12) 1.3 (10) 2.4 (19)
Female 35.3 (289) 62.4 (511) 32.2 (264) 12.2 (100) 31.3 (256) 3.5 (29) 3.5 (29) 1.3 (11) 4.9 (40) 6.5 (53) 1.3 (11) 20.1 (165) 31.4 (257) 1.7 (14) 2.2 (18) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.3 (11) 0.7 (6) 2.6 (21)
Age (years) *** *** *** *** ***     ** ** * ** *   *      
16–24 47.2 (158) 50.4 (169) 17.0 (57) 4.2 (14) 16.4 (55) 1.2 (4) 1.2 (4) 2.7 (9) 1.8 (6) 2.4 (8) 0.0 (0) 12.8 (43) 31.3 (105) 0.9 (3) 0.3 (1) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 2.7 (9) 0.3 (1) 2.7 (9)
25–34 39.2 (145) 58.1 (215) 27.3 (101) 9.2 (34) 26.2 (97) 1.6 (6) 1.6 (6) 1.1 (4) 5.4 (20) 3.5 (13) 0.5 (2) 17.8 (66) 30.3 (112) 1.1 (4) 0.5 (2) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.1 (4) 0.3 (1) 2.2 (8)
35–44 31.5 (88) 65.9 (184) 36.9 (103) 14.3 (40) 36.9 (103) 2.9 (8) 2.9 (8) 1.4 (4) 3.9 (11) 10.0 (28) 0.7 (2) 24.4 (68) 33.0 (92) 1.4 (4) 2.2 (6) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.4 (4) 0.7 (2) 0.7 (2)
45–54 31.5 (82) 67.7 (176) 40.8 (106) 16.9 (44) 39.6 (103) 3.5 (9) 3.5 (9) 1.5 (4) 8.5 (22) 6.9 (18) 2.7 (7) 23.1 (60) 27.7 (72) 1.2 (3) 2.7 (7) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.5 (4) 1.9 (5) 3.8 (10)
55–64 35.2 (70) 64.3 (128) 38.7 (77) 15.1 (30) 36.7 (73) 5.0 (10) 5.0 (10) 0.5 (1) 8.0 (16) 6.5 (13) 1.0 (2) 23.1 (46) 28.1 (56) 3.0 (6) 2.5 (5) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.5 (1) 2.0 (4) 2.5 (5)
65 and over 39.5 (62) 59.2 (93) 39.5 (62) 14.0 (22) 39.5 (62) 2.5 (4) 2.5 (4) 0.6 (1) 4.5 (7) 7.6 (12) 2.5 (4) 26.8 (42) 18.5 (29) 0.0 (0) 2.5 (4) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.6 (1) 1.9 (3) 3.8 (6)
Social grade                     
AB 37.3 (66) 59.9 (106) 34.5 (61) 16.4 (29) 33.9 (60) 2.8 (5) 2.8 (5) 0.6 (1) 8.5 (15) 7.9 (14) 0.6 (1) 18.1 (32) 27.7 (49) 0.6 (1) 2.8 (5) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.6 (1) 0.6 (1) 2.3 (4)
C1 39.1 (166) 59.8 (254) 31.1 (132) 11.5 (49) 30.6 (130) 1.4 (6) 1.4 (6) 2.4 (10) 3.3 (14) 7.1 (30) 1.4 (6) 19.5 (83) 29.6 (126) 0.5 (2) 1.2 (5) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 2.4 (10) 1.2 (5) 2.6 (11)
C2 38.0 (143) 60.4 (227) 29.8 (112) 10.6 (40) 29.0 (109) 2.9 (11) 2.9 (11) 1.1 (4) 5.6 (21) 4.8 (18) 0.8 (3) 19.7 (74) 30.6 (115) 1.3 (5) 1.6 (6) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.1 (4) 1.9 (7) 1.3 (5)
D 35.9 (110) 61.1 (187) 30.7 (94) 9.8 (30) 29.1 (89) 2.9 (9) 2.9 (9) 1.6 (5) 4.2 (13) 5.6 (17) 0.7 (2) 20.9 (64) 30.1 (92) 2.0 (6) 1.3 (4) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.6 (5) 1.0 (3) 2.6 (8)
E 38.0 (120) 60.4 (191) 33.9 (107) 11.4 (36) 33.2 (105) 3.2 (10) 3.2 (10) 0.9 (3) 6.0 (19) 4.1 (13) 1.6 (5) 22.8 (72) 26.6 (84) 1.9 (6) 1.6 (5) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.9 (3) 0.0 (0) 3.8 (12)
Ethnicity %(n) ** **            *        
White 36.4 (513) 61.8 (871) 32.0 (451) 11.8 (167) 31.2 (440) 2.6 (36) 2.6 (36) 1.6 (22) 5.2 (73) 6.1 (86) 1.1 (15) 20.4 (288) 30.1 (425) 1.3 (19) 1.5 (21) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.6 (22) 1.3 (10) 2.4 (19)
Non-white 48.4 (90) 49.5 (92) 28.5 (53) 8.6 (16) 27.4 (51) 2.2 (4) 2.2 (4) 0.5 (1) 4.3 (8) 3.2 (6) 1.1 (2) 19.4 (36) 22.0 (41) 0.5 (1) 1.6 (3) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.5 (1) 0.7 (6) 2.6 (21)
Cigarette consumption per day %(n) *** *** *** *** ***      ***    *        
<1 55.3 (21) 44.7 (17) 21.1 (8) 5.3 (2) 21.1 (8) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 2.6 (1) 2.6 (1) 2.6 (1) 0.0 (0) 15.8 (6) 18.4 (7) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 2.6 (1) 0.0 (0) 2.6 (1)
≥ 1–5 46.0 (185) 51.7 (208) 23.1 (93) 6.7 (27) 22.6 (91) 2.0 (8) 2.0 (8) 2.2 (9) 4.2 (17) 2.2 (9) 0.5 (2) 17.2 (69) 26.4 (106) 0.5 (2) 1.7 (7) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 2.2 (9) 0.7 (3) 2.7 (11)
>5–10 40.0 (233) 57.9 (337) 30.8 (179) 10.3 (60) 29.9 (174) 2.2 (13) 2.2 (13) 0.9 (5) 4.6 (27) 5.2 (30) 0.7 (4) 19.9 (116) 28.2 (164) 0.9 (5) 1.5 (9) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.9 (5) 0.5 (3) 2.1 (12)
>10–20 30.2 (148) 68.4 (335) 39.6 (194) 16.7 (82) 38.6 (189) 3.7 (18) 3.7 (18) 1.4 (7) 6.5 (32) 9.2 (45) 1.8 (9) 23.3 (114) 30.6 (150) 2.2 (11) 1.8 (9) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.4 (7) 1.6 (8) 2.4 (12)
>20 18.1 (13) 79.2 (57) 38.9 (28) 16.7 (12) 37.5 (27) 2.8 (2) 2.8 (2) 1.4 (1) 5.6 (4) 9.7 (7) 2.8 (2) 22.2 (16) 44.4 (150) 2.8 (2) 0.0 (0 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.4 (1) 2.8 (2) 4.2 (3)
Total %(n) 37.8 (605) 60.3 (965) 31.6 (506) 11.5 (184) 30.8 (493) 2.6 (41) 2.6 (41) 1.4 (23) 5.1 (82) 5.8 (92) 1.1 (17) 20.3 (325) 29.1 (466) 1.3 (20) 1.6 (25) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.4 (23) 1.0 (16) 2.5 (40)
  1. Figures are presented as % (n) within stratum; those who reported that they used hypnosis or acupuncture were classed as having used an alternative complementary medicine; those using a website or mobile phone application were grouped as having used an digital intervention; any aid includes all aids listed; any prescription medication includes NRT on prescription, varenilcine and bupropion; any licensed medication includes any prescription medication and NRT over-the-counter; any behavioural support includes any face-to-face support and telephone helpline; any face-to-face support includes group counselling, individual counselling and telephone helpline; any self-help includes printed and digital interventions; P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001 (by linear-by-linear X2 tests or Pearson’s X2 test)