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Table 4 CSES internal consistency and criteria-related validity

From: Development of a community’s self-efficacy scale for preventing social isolation among community-dwelling older people (Mimamori Scale)

   GEN
N = 3,484
CVOL
N = 859
Basic statistics
 All CSES: 8 items Mean (SD) 10.2 (5.2) 13.8 (4.6)
Range 0–24 0–24
Skewness 0.01 0.07
Kurtosis 0.15 0.22
 Community network: 4 items Mean (SD) 5.7 (2.7) 6.3 (2.5)
Range 0–12 0–12
Skewness 0.04 0.07
Kurtosis 0.23 0.17
 Neighborhood watch: 4 items Mean (SD) 5.4 (2.7) 7.8 (2.4)
Range 0–12 1–12
Skewness 0.09 0.20
Kurtosis 0.26 0.44
Internal consistency
 All CSES: 8 items Cronbach’s α 0.90 0.87
 Community network: 4 items Cronbach’s α 0.84 0.79
 Neighborhood watch: 4 items Cronbach’s α 0.88 0.84
Criterion-related validity
 GCS-R Ra 0.80*** 0.86***
 BSCS Ra 0.64*** 0.66***
  1. aPearson’s correlation, ***p < 0.001