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Table 4 Awareness that the risk of bladder, brain, or ovarian cancer is not increased by drinking alcohol; perception of whether stomach cancer alcohol-related (N = 2100)

From: Public awareness of the link between alcohol and cancer in England in 2015: a population-based survey

  Number Bladder Brain Ovarian Stomach
   No % Yes/DK % P a No % Yes/DK % P a No % Yes/DK %   No % DK % Yes % P a
Overall 2100 15.0 85.0 - 27.2 72.8 - 38.0 62.0 - 13.6 29.3 57.1  
Gender     0.392    0.107    0.013     0.001
 Male 1030 15.6 84.4   28.7 71.3   35.3 64.7   16.3 29.0 54.7  
 Female 1070 14.3 85.7   25.6 74.4   40.6 59.4   10.9 29.7 59.4  
Education     0.893    0.115    0.002     <0.001
 No qualifications 315 15.9 84.1   23.2 76.8   29.8 70.2   15.2 38.1 46.7  
 Below degree 1155 14.9 85.1   27.0 73.0   38.2 61.8   14.3 28.1 57.6  
 Degree or above 630 14.8 85.2   29.5 70.5   41.7 58.3   11.6 27.0 61.4  
IMD quintiled     0.772    0.099    0.469     0.702
 5 Most deprived 479 13.8 86.2   27.3 72.7   38.2 61.8   13.8 28.8 57.4  
 4 474 16.5 83.5   29.7 70.3   39.9 60.1   15.6 27.2 57.2  
 3 426 14.8 85.2   29.5 70.5   39.7 60.3   13.4 29.1 57.5  
 2 351 15.4 84.6   25.7 74.3   36.0 64.0   12.6 32.7 54.7  
 1 Least deprived 349 13.8 86.2   22.0 78.0   34.6 65.4   11.5 30.1 58.5  
Region     0.179    0.643    0.259     0.056
 North East 115 13.8 86.2   21.7 78.3   27.8 72.2   9.6 25.2 65.2  
 North West 320 11.9 88.1   28.5 71.5   37.2 62.8   11.6 30.7 57.7  
 Yorkshire & The Humber 207 15.5 84.5   27.9 72.1   37.5 62.5   11.5 34.1 54.3  
 East Midlands 182 19.8 80.2   28.0 72.0   38.5 61.5   17.0 23.6 59.3  
 West Midlands 218 16.5 83.5   26.7 73.3   41.5 58.5   15.6 29.8 54.6  
 East of England 186 14.0 86.0   25.3 74.7   34.4 65.6   13.4 36.6 50.0  
 London 285 14.3 85.7   25.3 74.7   37.9 62.1   14.7 30.1 55.2  
 South East 378 17.8 82.2   30.8 69.2   42.1 57.9   16.4 26.8 56.8  
 South West 209 11.0 89.0   24.9 75.1   36.8 63.2   9.1 26.4 64.4  
Audit C     0.054    0.001    0.048     0.010
  < 5 1234 13.7 86.3   24.6 75.4   36.2 63.8   12.1 31.3 56.6  
 5+ 866 16.7 83.3   30.8 69.2   40.5 59.5   15.8 26.5 57.7  
   Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P b Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P b Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P b Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P c
Age 2100 46.4 (16.8) 48.1 (16.6) 0.094 46.1 (16.4) 48.5 (16.7) 0.004 45.9 (16.9) 49.0 (16.4) <0.001 47.1 (16.7) 49.5 (16.2) 47.2 (16.8) 0.014
  1. DK Don’t know
  2. aBased on χ2 test
  3. bBased on t-test
  4. cBased on one-way ANOVA
  5. dMissing cases (n = 21) are not presented here