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Table 2 Bivariate associations with awareness that cancer ‘can result from drinking too much alcohol’ (N = 2100)

From: Public awareness of the link between alcohol and cancer in England in 2015: a population-based survey

Characteristic Number Unprompted cancer awareness Prompted cancer awareness
   Cancer mention No cancer mention P a Yes No/Don’t know P a
   % %   % %  
Overall 2100 12.9 87.1 - 46.9 53.1 -
Gender     0.020    0.006
 Male 1030 11.2 88.8   43.9 56.1  
 Female 1070 14.6 85.4   49.8 50.2  
Education     0.026    <0.001
 No qualifications 315 9.5 90.5   33.7 66.3  
 Below degree 1155 12.5 87.5   47.3 52.7  
 Degree or above 630 15.6 84.4   52.9 47.1  
IMD quintilec     0.230    0.164
 5 Most deprived 479 12.7 87.3   43.0 57.0  
 4 474 10.1 89.9   45.7 54.3  
 3 426 13.8 86.2   48.1 51.9  
 2 351 15.4 84.6   48.9 51.1  
 1 Least deprived 349 13.5 86.5   51.1 48.9  
Region     0.025    0.016
 North East 115 25.2 74.8   63.5 36.5  
 North West 320 11.6 88.4   45.5 54.5  
 Yorkshire & The Humber 207 13.0 87.0   44.2 55.8  
 East Midlands 182 10.4 89.6   45.1 54.9  
 West Midlands 218 11.9 88.1   42.9 57.1  
 East of England 186 11.8 88.2   44.1 55.9  
 London 285 12.3 87.7   44.8 55.2  
 South East 378 13.2 86.8   50.9 49.1  
 South West 209 12.4 87.6   46.9 53.1  
Audit C     0.276    0.118
  < 5 1234 12.2 87.8   45.5 54.5  
 5+ 866 13.9 86.1   49.0 51.0  
   Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P b Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P b
Age 2100 47.7 (16.7) 47.9 (16.6) 0.852 46.8 (16.4) 48.8 (16.8) 0.007
  1. aBased on χ2 test
  2. bBased on t-test
  3. cMissing cases (n = 21) are not presented here