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Table 1 Distribution of the behaviour change techniques in the face-to-face and online session in BSCT and TAU

From: Study protocol for a non-inferiority trial of a blended smoking cessation treatment versus face-to-face treatment (LiveSmokefree-Study)

Session/week Name (Code) of the main behavioural change techniques according to [20] TAU BSCT
Session 1, week 1 Goal setting Provide information on consequences of smoking and smoking cessation (BM1) Provide rewards contingent on successfully stopping smoking (BM4) Identify reasons for wanting and not wanting to stop smoking (BM9) Facilitate goal setting (BS4) Prompt self-recording (BS6) Advise on stop-smoking medication (A1) Advise on/facilitate use of social support (A2) Build general rapport (RC1) Explain expectations regarding treatment programme (RC4) Face-to-face Face-to-face
Session 2, week 3 Measures for self-control Provide feedback on current behaviour (BM3) Provide rewards contingent on effort or progress (BM7) Facilitate barrier identification and problem solving (BS1) Facilitate relapse prevention and coping (BS2) Prompt review of goals (BS5) Prompt self-recording (BS6) Advise on changing routine (BS7) Tailor interactions appropriately (RD1) Face-to-face Online
Session 3, week 5 Dealing with withdrawal Provide feedback on current behaviour (BM3) Provide normative information about others’ behaviour and experiences (BM5) Facilitate relapse prevention and coping (BS2) Prompt self-recording (BS6) Provide information on withdrawal symptoms (RC6) Provide reassurance (RC10) Face-to-face Face-to-face
Session 4, week 7 Breaking habits Provide feedback on current behaviour (BM3) Provide normative information about others’ behaviour and experiences (BM5) Facilitate barrier identification and problem solving (BS1) Facilitate relapse prevention and coping (BS2) Advise on changing routine (BS7) Advise on conserving mental resources (BS10) Advise on avoiding social cues for smoking (BS11) Advise on/facilitate use of social support (A2) Provide reassurance (RC10) Face-to-face Online
Session 5, week 9 Dealing with triggers Provide rewards contingent on effort or progress (BM7) Facilitate relapse prevention and coping (BS2) Face-to-face Face-to-face
Session 6, week 11 Food for thought Provide feedback on current behaviour (BM3) Offer/direct towards appropriate written materials (RC5) Elicit client views (RC8) Face-to-face Online
Session 7, week 14 Think differently Provide feedback on current behaviour (BM3) Measure CO (BM11) Facilitate barrier identification and problem solving (BS1) Facilitate relapse prevention and coping (BS2) Prompt self-recording (BS6) Build general rapport (RC1) Elicit and answer questions (RC2) Face-to-face Face-to-face
Session 8, week 18 Do differently Provide feedback on current behaviour (BM3) Facilitate barrier identification and problem solving (BS1) Facilitate relapse prevention and coping (BS2) Prompt self-recording (BS6) Tailor interactions appropriately (RD1) Build general rapport (RC1) Face-to-face Online
Session 9, week 22 Action plan Provide feedback on current behaviour (BM3) Measure CO (BM11) Facilitate action planning/develop treatment plan (BS3) Build general rapport (RC1) Elicit client views (RC8) Face-to-face Face-to-face
Session 10, week 26 Closure Provide feedback on current behaviour (BM3) Provide rewards contingent on successfully stopping smoking (BM4) Strengthen ex-smoker identity (BM8) Facilitate barrier identification and problem solving (BS1) Facilitate relapse prevention and coping (BS2) Facilitate goal setting (BS4) Set graded tasks (BS9) Advise on/facilitate use of social support (A2) Build general rapport (RC1) Offer/direct towards appropriate written materials (RC5) Elicit client views (RC8) Face-to-face Online
  1. Codes: BM = Specific focus on behaviour (B) and addressing motivation (M); BS = Specific focus on behaviour (B) and maximising self-regulatory capacity/skills (S); A = Promote adjuvant activities (A); RC = General aspects of the interaction (R) focusing on general communication (C); RD = General aspects of the interaction (R) focusing on delivery of the intervention (D)