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Table 2 Multivariable binary logistic regression results on factors associated with keeping TB secret in Ghana

From: Individual, household and community level factors associated with keeping tuberculosis status secret in Ghana

Predictor variables Females Males
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Individual level variables
 Education (No education)
  Primary 1.049 [0.870,1.264] 0.940 [0.594,1.487]
  Secondary 0.851 [0.715,1.013] 0.920 [0.635,1.332]
  Tertiary 0.582*** [0.433,0.782] 0.863 [0.536,1.389]
 Age group (15–19)
  20–24 0.701** [0.564,0.871] 0.648** [0.470,0.893]
  25–29 0.713** [0.568,0.895] 0.545** [0.377,0.787]
  30–34 0.564*** [0.442,0.719] 0.465*** [0.309,0.701]
  35–39 0.576*** [0.449,0.738] 0.558* [0.352,0.886]
  40–44 0.632*** [0.493,0.811] 0.473** [0.294,0.760]
  45–49 0.801* [0.669,0.960] 0.498** [0.310,0.801]
  50–54 - - 0.602* [0.371,0.978]
  55–59 - - 0.353*** [0.201,0.622]
 Marital status (Never married)
  Married/In-union 1.010 [0.856,1.191] 1.046 [0.761,1.438]
  Formerly married 1.131 [0.896,1.427] 0.937 [0.586,1.496]
Household factor
 Household wealth quintile (Poorest)
  Poorer 1.046 [0.841,1.300] 0.784 [0.560,1.096]
  Average 1.070 [0.838,1.366] 0.752 [0.507,1.116]
  Richer 0.923 [0.704,1.209] 0.817 [0.534,1.252]
  Richest 0.855 [0.630,1.161] 0.793 [0.485,1.296]
Community-related variables
 Ethnicity (Akan)
  Ga/Dangme 1.431* [1.080,1.897] 0.904 [0.603,1.353]
  Ewe 0.805 [0.630,1.029] 0.951 [0.636,1.424]
  Mole-Dagbani 1.091 [0.847,1.406] 0.877 [0.601,1.281]
  Gurma 0.872 [0.591,1.287] 1.145 [0.649,2.021]
  Others 1.105 [0.860,1.419] 1.305 [0.876,1.943]
 Religion (Orthodox Christian)
  Pentecostal 0.919 [0.793,1.066] 1.143 [0.892,1.464]
  Other Christian 0.898 [0.739,1.091] 0.903 [0.685,1.191]
  Moslem 0.976 [0.795,1.199] 0.841 [0.603,1.171]
  Traditional/Others 0.821 [0.600,1.124] 1.133 [0.784,1.637]
 Region (Western)
  Central 1.231 [0.834,1.816] 0.457** [0.277,0.755]
  Greater Accra 0.605** [0.415,0.883] 0.423*** [0.265,0.675]
  Volta 0.551** [0.355,0.855] 0.624 [0.349,1.116]
  Eastern 0.730 [0.496,1.074] 0.765 [0.526,1.114]
  Ashanti 0.957 [0.664,1.378] 1.845* [1.117,3.049]
  Brong-Ahafo 1.276 [0.897,1.816] 1.397 [0.890,2.191]
  Northern 1.004 [0.627,1.606] 0.206*** [0.0998,0.427]
  Upper East 1.299 [0.832,2.028] 1.198 [0.684,2.097]
  Upper West 0.806 [0.520,1.248] 1.110 [0.648,1.902]
 Residence (Urban)
  Rural 0.858 [0.702,1.048] 0.803 [0.597,1.079]
Media exposure
 Newspaper/Magazine (Not at all)
  Less than once a week 1.064 [0.860,1.318] 0.685** [0.517,0.908]
  At least once a week 1.008 [0.796,1.276] 0.811 [0.619,1.063]
 Radio (Not at all)
  Less than once a week 0.922 [0.764,1.111] 0.797 [0.483,1.316]
  At least once a week 1.048 [0.873,1.257] 0.657 [0.416,1.038]
 Television (Not at all)
  Less than once a week 0.732** [0.603,0.888] 0.960 [0.683,1.349]
  At least once a week 0.952 [0.794,1.141] 1.229 [0.893,1.691]
Views about HIV/AIDS status disclosure
 Disclosure of HIV & AIDS in family
  No 1 [1, 1] 1 [1, 1]
  Yes 6.992*** [6.026,8.113] 9.870*** [7.894,12.34]
  N 7,492   3,762  
  AIC 259.8   3204.1  
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. Reference category in parenthesis