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Table 2 Socio-demographic, health, lifestyle and family history description of participants by ethnicity for 1 921 participants

From: Distribution and patterning of non-communicable disease risk factors in indigenous Mbororo and non-autochthonous populations in Cameroon: cross sectional study

Characteristic Fulbe Mbororo General Population Pooled p-value
Health measures (x̄±SD)
 Height (cm) 163.3 (±8.7) 161.9 (±8.4) 162.6 (±8.2) 162.5 (±8.4) 0.01ª
 Weight (kg) 55.0 (±14.1) 50.1 (±10.7) 58.6 (±12.9) 53.7 (±12.7) <0.001ª
 Waist Circumference (WC) (cm) 76.6 (±12.7) 74.4 (±10.5) 79.2 (±10.5) 76.3 (±11.2) <0.001ª
 Hip Circumference (HC) (cm) 91.7 (±11.2) 88.0 (±8.6) 92.1 (±10.3) 90.0 (±9.9) <0.001ª
 Waist-Hip-Ratio (WHR) 0.84 (±0.09) 0.85 (±0.10) 0.86 (±0.08) 0.85 (±0.09) <0.001ª
 Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2) 20.5 (±4.6) 19.1 (±3.7) 22.1 (±4.3) 20.3 (±4.3) <0.001ª
 FCG Normal [FCG < 6.1 mmol/l (n = 1621)] (mmol/l) 4.9 (±0.6) 4.9 (±0.7) 5.0 (±0.6) 4.9 (±0.7) 0.001ª
BP (x̄±SD) (mmHg)
 Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) 128.1 (±20.4) 127.9 (±23.8) 129.0 (±23.0) 128.3 (±22.8) 0.63ª
 Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) 80.5 (±12.0) 80.4 (±14.3) 79.6 (±13.3) 80.2 (±13.5) 0.50ª
Gender, n (%)
 Male 139 (33.2) 286 (31.2) 212 (36.3) 637 (33.2)  
 Female 280 (66.8) 632 (68.8) 372 (63.7) 1284 (66.8) 0.12b
Interview Language, n (%)
 French/English (official languages) 55 (13.1) 48 (5.2) 312 (53.4) 415 (21.6)  
 Local language/Interpreter 364 (86.9) 870 (94.8) 272 (46.6) 1506 (78.4) <0.001b
 Age (x̄±SD) 35.7 (14.3) 36.0 (14.2) 36.4 (14.8) 36.4 (14.4) 0.79ª
Age group, n (%)
 20–39 274 (65.4) 596 (64.9) 376 (64.4) 1 246 (64.9)  
 40–59 105 (25.0) 243 (26.5) 148 (25.3) 496 (25.8)  
 60+ 40 (9.6) 79 (8.6) 60 (10.3) 179 (9.3) 0.84b
Marital status, n (%)
 Single 45 (10.7) 54 (5.8) 81 (13.9) 180 (9.4)  
 Married 329 (78.5) 768 (83.7) 431 (73.8) 1 528 (79.5)  
 Separated 45 (10.7) 96 (10.5) 72 (12.3) 213 (11.1) <0.001b
Level of education, n (%)
 Never 269 (64.2) 755 (82.2) 171 (29.3) 1195 (62.2)  
 Attended school 150 (35.8) 163 (17.8) 413 (70.7) 726 (37.8) <0.001b
Smoking habit, n (%)
 Abstainers 387 (92.4) 854 (93.0) 491 (84.1) 1732 (90.2)  
 Former 23 (5.5) 52 (5.7) 55 (9.4) 130 (6.7)  
 Current smokers 9 (2.1) 12 (1.3) 38 (6.5) 59 (3.1) <0.001b
Alcohol drinking, n (%)
 Never 384 (91.7) 866 (94.3) 247 (42.3) 1497 (77.9)  
 Occasional (drank in past 12 months) & daily drinkers 35 (8.3) 52 (5.7) 337 (57.7) 424 (22.1) <0.001b
10 min physical activity at work, n (%)
 Vigorous 164 (39.1) 383 (41.7) 301 (51.5) 848 (44.1)  
 Moderate 113 (27.0) 271 (29.5) 169 (28.9) 553 (28.8)  
 Low 142 (33.9) 264 (28.8) 114 (19.5) 520 (27.1) <0.001b
Walks for at least 10 min, n (%)
 No 163 (38.9) 316 (34.4) 121 (20.7) 600 (31.2)  
 Yes 256 (61.1) 602 (65.6) 463 (79.3) 1 321 (68.8) <0.001b
Vegetable intake/week, n (%)
 High (5–7 days/week) 260 (62.1) 470 (51.2) 244 (41.8) 974 (50.7)  
 Moderate (3–4 days/week) 118 (28.2) 301 (32.8) 213 (36.5) 632 (32.9)  
 Low (0–2 days/week) 41 (9.8) 147 (16.0) 127 (21.7) 315 (16.4) <0.001b
Fruit intake/week, n (%)
 High (5–7 days/week) 104 (24.8) 146 (15.9) 127 (21.8) 377 (19.6)  
 Moderate (3–4 days/week) 103 (24.6) 226 (24.6) 138 (23.6) 467 (24.3)  
 Low (0–2 days/week) 212 (50.6) 546 (59.5) 319 (54.6) 1077 (56.1) <0.001b
Always added salt at table, n (%)
 No 342 (81.6) 756 (82.4) 463 (79.3) 1561 (81.3)  
 Yes 77 (18.4) 162 (17.6) 121 (20.7) 360 (18.7) 0.32b
Always added sugar to tea/coffee, n (%)
 No 337 (80.4) 766 (83.4) 434 (74.3) 1537 (80.0)  
 Yes 82 (19.6) 152 (16.6) 150 (25.7) 384 (20.0) <0.001b
  1. ªp-value based on ANOVA
  2. bp-value based on chi square test
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