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Table 2 Prevalence of potentially trauma event (PTE) experiences among participants (14–19 years) overall and by gender (n = 767)

From: Prevalence, type, and correlates of trauma exposure among adolescent men and women in Soweto, South Africa: implications for HIV prevention

  Overall (n = 767) Adolescent Men (n = 325) Adolescent Women (n = 442) p-value
  n % n % n %  
Experienced at least one PTE 765 99.7 325 100.0 440 99.6 0.511
High trauma score (≥7) (alpha = 0.63) 348 45.4 151 46.5 197 44.6 0.603
Separated from mom (e.g. lived with another relative or in foster care) 253 33.0 118 36.3 135 30.5 0.093
Parents separated 370 48.2 153 47.1 217 49.1 0.581
Parents argued frequently or more than usual 259 33.8 111 34.2 148 33.5 0.846
Changed schools (not because of graduation) or moved to a new home 245 31.9 123 37.9 122 27.6 0.003
Parent/guardian lost job 342 44.6 139 42.8 203 45.9 0.385
Lost home or had no home 65 8.5 38 11.7 27 6.1 0.006
Family member or someone close had HIV/AIDS 287 37.4 85 26.2 202 45.7 <0.001
Family member or someone close died of HIV/AIDS 273 35.6 91 28.0 182 41.2 0.001
Family member or someone close died 569 74.2 243 74.8 326 73.8 0.751
Family member or someone close was very sick or had a bad injury 524 68.3 230 70.8 294 66.5 0.211
Experienced race/ethnicity discrimination 183 23.9 77 23.7 106 24.0 0.926
Family struggled with money 355 46.3 147 45.2 208 47.1 0.616
Seen an act of violence towards someone else (not in family) 538 70.1 248 76.3 290 65.6 0.001
Experienced an act of violence by someone not in your family 316 41.2 147 45.2 169 38.2 0.052
Seen an act of violence in the family 324 42.2 136 41.9 188 42.5 0.849
Experienced an act of violence by someone in your family 240 31.3 107 32.9 133 30.1 0.403
Deliberately inflicted harm on another person 293 38.2 166 51.1 127 28.7 <0.001
Experienced forced Sex 98 12.8 35 10.8 63 14.3 0.153
Experienced forcing someone to have sex 30 3.9 24 7.4 6 1.4 <0.001
  1. Note: p-values in bold are significant (>.05)