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Table 3 Summary statistics, crude odds ratio (COR) and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for Hypertension

From: Health conditions of inmates in Italy

Variable Hypertension COR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
N %
Total 1.112 7.1     
Age (in years)
 18–39 115 1.4 1   1  
 40–49 318 7.6 5.95* 4.79–7.39 4.62* 3.46–6.19
 50–59 403 18.0 15.87* 12.83–19.65 11.72* 8.74–15.70
 60 e + 276 30.9 32.35* 25.64–40.82 22.50* 16.21–31.22
Gender
 Male 1.039 7.0 1   - -
 Female 71 8.2 1.18 0.92–1.52 - -
 Transgender 2 4.3 0.59 0.14–2.44 - -
Citizenship
 Italian 844 10.9 4.27* 3.63–5.03 1.71* 1.36–2.16
 Foreign 186 2.8 1   1  
Educational qualification
 Lower middle 617 7.1 1   1  
 Upper intermediate 128 8.8 1.28* 1.05–1.56 1.01 0.80–1.28
Origin of the detainee
 From freedom without detention 342 5.7 1   1  
 From freedom with previous detention 719 8.3 1.48* 1.29–1.69 1.18 0.98–1.42
Duration of imprisonments
 < 1 year 544 6.3 1    
 > 1 year 487 8.9 1.46* 1.29–1.66 1.09 0.91–1.30
Smoke
 No 351 9.3 1   1  
 Yes 593 6.4 0,66* 0.58–0.76 0.86 0.71–1.04
BMI
 Normal weight 226 3.3 1   1  
 Underweight 6 2.3 0.69 0.30–1.57 1.40 0.49–3.98
 Obese 325 17.9 6.42* 5.37–7.68 4,61* 3.62–5.88
 Overweight 445 9.1 2.96* 2.51–3.49 2.20* 1.77–2.72
  1. Abbreviations: COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval; Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (variables found to be associated through a univariate analysis were entered into the multivariate model).
  2. *Significant association (P<0.05)