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Table 1 Socio-demographics for T1, T2 and Statistics Canada national household survey samples. Test of proportions and effect size between T1 to T2 and T1 to Statistics Canada sample

From: Psychosocial determinants of parental human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine decision-making for sons: Methodological challenges and initial results of a pan-Canadian longitudinal study

  Time 1 n = 3117 Time 2 n = 1427 StatCan n = 2336115 T1:T2 Effect size Cohen’s h T1: StatCan Effect size Cohen’s h
  n % n % n % χ2 value p value   χ2 value p value  
Province
 Alberta 319 10.2 144 10.1 265110 11.3 χ2  < 0.01
p = 0.92
h  < 0.01 χ2 = 3.73
p = 0.05
h = -0.04
 British Columbia 332 10.7 130 9.1 297400 12.7 χ2 = 2.38
p = 0.12
h = 0.05 χ2 = 11.93
p < 0.001
h = -0.07
 Manitoba 120 3.8 53 3.7 89070 3.8 χ2 = 0.02
p = 0.90
h  < 0.01 χ2 < 0.01
p = 0.95
h < 0.01
 New Brunswick 90 2.9 36 2.5 49715 2.1 χ2 = 0.36
p = 0.55
h = 0.02 χ2 = 8.25
p < 0.01
h = 0.05
 Newfoundland and Labrador 64 2.1 20 1.4 34210 1.5 χ2 = 1.95
p = 0.16
h = 0.05 χ2 = 7.07
p < 0.01
h = 0.05
 Nova Scotia 138 4.4 50 3.5 61005 2.6 χ2 = 1.88
p = 0.17
h = 0.05 χ2 = 39.62
p < 0.001
h = 0.10
 Ontario 926 29.7 400 28.0 938750 40.2 χ2 = 1.25
p = 0.26
h = 0.04 χ2 = 141.71
p < 0.001
h = -0.22
 Prince Edward Island 26 0.8 7 0.5 10375 0.4 χ2 = 1.16
p = 0.28
h = 0.04 χ2 = 9.83
p < 0.01
h = 0.05
 Quebec 1020 32.7 566 39.7 506640 21.7 χ2 = 20.44
p  < 0.001
h = -0.14 χ2 = 222.49
p < 0.001
h = 0.25
 Saskatchewan 82 2.6 21 1.5 74840 3.2 χ2 = 5.42
p = 0.02
h = 0.08 χ2 = 3.11
p = 0.08
h = -0.03
Language
 Bilingual 55 1.8 32 1.5 34560 2.2 χ2 = 0.95
p = 0.33
h = -0.03 χ2 = 1.55
p = 0.21
h = 0.02
 English 1839 59 756 53 1238705 53.0 χ2 = 14.24
p  < 0.001
h = 0.12 χ2 = 44.38
p < 0.001
h = 0.12
 French 1030 33 560 39.2 432220 18.5 χ2 = 16.26
p  < 0.001
h = -0.13 χ2 = 435.30
p < 0.001
h = 0.34
 Other 191 6.1 78 5.5 630630 27.0 χ2 = 0.66
p = 0.42
h = 0.03 χ2 = 687.17
p < 0.001
h = -0.59
Gender
 Male 998 32.0 460 32.2 1075200 46.0 χ2 = 0.01
p = 0.91
h  < -0.01 χ2 = 245.30
p < 0.001
h = -0.29
 Female 2119 68.0 967 67.8 1260910 54.0 χ2 = 0.01
p = 0.91
h  < 0.01 χ2 = 245.31
p < 0.001
h = 0.29
Education
 Elementary or High School 680 21.8 301 21.1 773935 33.1 χ2 = 0.26
p = 0.61
h = 0.02 χ2 = 179.37
p < 0.001
h = -0.25
 College 1180 37.9 518 36.3 945980 40.5 χ2 = 0.95
p = 0.33
h = 0.03 χ2 = 8.87
p < 0.01
h = -0.05
 University 1250 40.1 607 42.5 616200 26.4 χ2 = 2.30
p = 0.13
h = -0.05 χ2 = 301.14
p < 0.001
h = 0.29
Marital Status
 Single 228 7.3 107 7.5 109045 4.7 χ2 = 0.03
p = 0.87
h < -0.01 χ2 = 48.38
p < 0.001
h = 0.11
 Married or Common Law 2545 81.6 1173 82.2 2030060 86.9 χ2 = 0.16
p = 0.68
h = -0.01 χ2 = 74.87
p < 0.001
h = -0.14
 Separated/Divorced 339 10.9 145 10.2 197005 8.4 χ2 = 0.45
p = 0.50
h = 0.02 χ2 = 23.73
p < 0.001
h = 0.08
Employment Status
 Working full-time 2064 66.2 943 66.1 1245090 53.3 χ2  < 0.01
p = 0.96
h  < 0.01 χ2 = 208.25
p < 0.001
h = 0.26
 Working part-time 470 15.1 215 15.1 753585 32.3 χ2 = 0
p = 1
h  < 0.01 χ2 = 419.79
p < 0.001
h = -0.41
 Not working/Retired/Other 570 18.3 264 18.5 337445 14.4 χ2 = 0.02
p = 0.90
h  < -0.01 χ2 = 36.86
p < 0.001
h = 0.10
Household Income (CAD$ before taxes)
 $39 999 or less 395 12.7 173 12.1 344940 14.8 χ2 = 0.22
p = 0.64
h = 0.02 χ2 = 10.67
p < 0.001
h = -0.06
 between $40 000 and $59 999 428 13.7 187 13.1 332650 14.2 χ2 = 0.28
p = 0.60
h = 0.02 χ2 = 0.62
p = 0.43
h = -0.01
 between $60 000 and $79 999 468 15.0 221 15.5 338000 14.5 χ2 = 0.14
p = 0.71
h = -0.01 χ2 = 0.71
p = 0.40
h = 0.02
 between $80 000 and $99 999 511 16.4 237 16.6 323935 13.9 χ2 = 0.02
p = 0.89
h < -0.01 χ2 = 16.44
p < 0.001
h = 0.07
 $100 000 or more 1009 32.4 459 32.2 996590 42.7 χ2 = 0.01
p = 0.92
h < 0.01 χ2 = 134.32
p < 0.001
h = -0.21
Nationality
 Born in Canada 2717 87.2 1263 88.5 1617475 69.2 χ2 = 1.50
p = 0.22
h = -0.04 χ2 = 469.17
p < 0.001
h = 0.44
 Not born in Canada 397 12.7 164 11.5 718635 30.8 χ2 = 1.28
p = 0.26
h = 0.04 χ2 = 474.22
p < 0.001
h = -0.45
Ethnicity
 White (e.g., Caucasian, European) 2741 87.9 1280 89.7 1686435 72.2 χ2 = 2.81
p = 0.09
h = -0.06 χ2 = 383.89
p < 0.001
h = 0.40
 East Asian (e.g., Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese) 119 3.8 49 3.4 203295 8.7 χ2 = 0.30
p = 0.58
h = 0.02 χ2 = 92.93
p < 0.001
h = 0.21
 Other Ethnicities 231 7.4 84 5.9 446385 19.1 χ2 = 3.29
p = 0.07
h = 0.06 χ2 = 274.96
p < 0.001
h = -0.35
Religion
 Christian 1898 60.9 881 61.7 1578295 67.6 χ2 = 0.26
p = 0.61
h = -0.02 χ2 = 62.85
p < 0.001
h = -0.14
 No Faith 984 31.6 444 31.1 485885 20.8 χ2 = 0.07
p = 0.79
h  < 0.001 χ2 = 218.42
p < 0.001
h = 0.25
 Other Faiths 170 5.5 74 5.2 271935 11.6 χ2 = 0.09
p = 0.76
h = 0.01 χ2 = 115.30
p < 0.001
h = -0.22
  1. StatCan = Statistics Canada. T1:T2 is the comparison between Time 1 sample and Time 2 sample. T1:StatCan is comparison between the Time 1 sample and Statistics Canada’s National Household Survey (2011) sample