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Table 2 Odds ratios (and 95 % Confidence Intervals), for demographic and food skills predictors of answers selected in response to the question “where do you think food safety problems are most likely to occur”, among those not indicating ‘I don’t know’ (n = 418); significant predictors are shown in bold

From: Food safety knowledge of undergraduate students at a Canadian university: results of an online survey

  Homes Restaurants Food processing plants Super-markets Warehouses Farms
Age (in years) 1.18 (1.00, 1.40) 1.01 (0.84, 1.22) 1.04 (0.83, 1.30) 0.94 (0.79, 1.10) 0.86 (0.78, 0.95) 1.03 (0.89, 1.18)
Male sex (female = referent) 1.45 (0.83, 2.55) 0.65 (0.42, 1.01) 0.68 (0.36, 1.28) 0.92 (0.69, 1.24) 0.90 (0.70, 1.14) 0.68 (0.37, 1.26)
Faculty
Science referent
 Applied Health Sciences 0.72 (0.58, 0.89) 0.56 (0.49, 0.63) 1.38 (1.16, 1.63) 1.39 (1.24, 1.57) 1.07 (0.98, 1.18) 1.00 (0.81, 1.25)
 Arts 0.83 (0.75, 0.89) 0.88 (0.81, 0.95) 0.98 (0.79, 1.20) 0.84 (0.77, 0.92) 1.07 (0.98, 1.16) 0.73 (0.64, 0.83)
 Engineering 0.95 (0.68, 1.33) 1.02 (0.79, 1.32) 1.05 (0.76, 1.44) 0.55 (0.46, 0.65) 0.66 (0.52, 0.86) 0.47 (0.31, 0.70)
 Environment 0.81 (0.71, 0.94) 0.93 (0.69, 1.23) 1.53 (1.22, 1.92) 1.31 (1.03, 1.68) 1.25 (0.95, 1.65) 0.63 (0.41, 0.96)
 Mathematics 0.67 (0.50, 0.90) 0.67 (0.54, 0.83) 0.89 (0.63, 1.26) 0.97 (0.77, 1.19) 0.50 (0.40, 0.62) 0.64 (0.50, 0.83)
Co-op program of study (regular program = referent) 1.21 (0.64, 2.28) 0.94 (0.62, 1.41) 0.76 (0.55, 1.04) 1.12 (0.89, 1.41) 1.19 (0.82, 1.72) 1.15 (0.70, 1.91)
Is a current food handler 0.50 (0.10, 2.45) 1.44 (0.37, 5.62) 1.70 (0.40, 7.33) 4.72 (3.02, 7.35) 5.98 (1.79, 20.0) 0.89 (0.21, 3.72)
Works or volunteers in a…
 …food service location 3.26 (0.57, 18.6) 1.78 (0.12, 25.3) 0.52 (0.23, 1.16) 0.18 (0.04, 0.78) 0.14 (0.02, 0.71) 1.10 (0.47, 2.59)
 …hospital 2.25 (1.80, 2.81) 2.26 (0.62, 8.25) 1.14 (0.36, 3.62) 1.23 (0.87, 1.74) 0.83 (0.55, 1.24) 1.22 (0.81, 1.85)
 …daycare/child care facility 1.39 (0.47, 4.05) 0.57 (0.24, 1.33) 1.13 (0.34, 3.72) 0.37 (0.20, 0.71) 0.66 (0.44, 1.00) 0.64 (0.35, 1.17)
 …long-term care/retirement home facility 2.87 (0.16, 52.7) omitted due to co-linearity 0.33 (0.11, 0.97) 0.55 (0.10, 2.91) 0.93 (0.27, 3.24) 0.23 (0.01, 4.41)
 Has ever taken a previous food course 1.61 (1.06, 2.45) 1.05 (0.67, 1.57) 0.78 (0.33, 1.85) 1.18 (0.72, 1.94) 0.74 (0.40, 1.35) 0.97 (0.64, 1.47)
Current living arrangement
Living at home referent
 Traditional-style residence 0.58 (0.27, 1.25) 1.01 (0.57, 1.77) 1.01 (0.51, 2.00) 0.65 (0.26, 1.62) 0.78 (0.42, 1.46) 1.21 (0.40, 3.62)
 Suite-style residence 0.67 (0.24, 1.87) 2.10 (1.11, 3.95) 1.75 (0.98, 3.11) 0.96 (0.63, 1.47) 0.77 (0.27, 2.21) 2.30 (0.79, 6.74)
 Living off campus 0.74 (0.50, 1.09) 1.56 (1.07, 2.27) 0.89 (0.61, 1.30) 1.01 (0.55, 1.86) 1.02 (0.64, 1.63) 1.09 (0.41, 2.91)
Frequency of cooking from basic ingredients
Never or a few times a year referent
 A few times a month 0.48 (0.25, 0.94) 0.97 (0.51, 1.82) 1.69 (0.68, 4.21) 0.65 (0.26, 1.62) 1.45 (0.78, 2.68) 1.27 (0.69, 2.32)
 A few times a week or more 1.15 (0.49, 2.69) 1.21 (0.54, 2.67) 0.54 (0.31, 0.94) 0.96 (0.63, 1.47) 1.40 (0.60, 3.25) 0.84 (0.27, 2.63)
Good self-described cooking abilitya 1.19 (0.49, 2.69) 0.94 (0.57, 1.57) 0.67 (0.34, 1.32) 1.31 (0.92, 1.86) 0.78 (0.37, 1.63) 0.96 (0.35, 2.62)
  1. aThose reporting the ability to cook the basics from scratch, prepare simple meals from a recipe, or cook almost anything (referent: those reporting they don’t know how to cook, or that they can only cook food when the instructions are on the box)