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Table 4 To examine the socioeconomic gradient in diet quality, physical activity, and prevalent obesity at baseline, and change in BMI over 1y follow up

From: Obesity, diet quality, physical activity, and the built environment: the need for behavioral pathways

N (%) HEI-2010a Meets PA guidelinesa Prevalent obesity at baselinea Change in BMI at 1 year follow upb
Coef. P-value 95 % CI OR P-value 95 % CI OR P-value 95 % CI Coeff P-value 95 % CI
Model 1
 Property value
  Tertile 1 (38 K - 231 K) ref    ref    ref    ref   
  Tertile 2 (233 K - 331 K) 1.92 0.115 (−0.47, 4.32) 0.91 0.712 (0.55, 1.50) 1.17 0.549 (0.69, 1.97) −0.03 0.859 (−0.42, 0.32)
  Tertile 3 (338 K - 914 K) 3.32 0.007 (0.93, 5.72) 1.57 0.102 (0.91, 2.70) 0.32 0.000 (0.17, 0.60) −0.13 0.526 (−0.55, 0.28)
 Education
   ≤ Some college ref    ref    ref    ref   
   ≥ College 4 years 4.25 0.000 (2.17, 6.34) 1.38 0.164 (0.87, 2.18) 0.51 0.006 (0.31, 0.82) −0.06 0.729 (−0.44, 0.31)
Model 2
 HH incomeb
   < 50 K ref    ref    ref    ref   
   ≥ 50 K - < 100 K 1.95 0.127 (−0.55, 4.46) 0.81 0.423 (0.48, 1.35) 0.81 0.467 (0.47, 1.41) −0.02 0.913 (−0.43, 0.38)
   ≥ 100 K 2.82 0.032 (0.24, 5.40) 1.52 0.132 (0.87, 2.66) 0.59 0.079 (0.33, 1.06) 0.27 0.130 (−0.08, 0.62)
 Education
   ≤ Some college ref    ref    ref    ref   
   ≥ College 4 years 4.39 0.000 (2.21, 6.56) 1.37 0.410 (0.12, 2.31) 0.46 0.002 (0.28, 0.74) −0.06 0.729 (−0.44, 0.31)
  1. aModel 1: included age, gender, race/ ethnicity, residential property values and education. Model 2: included age, gender/ race/ethnicity, income and education
  2. bModel 1: included age, gender, race/ ethnicity, residential property values, education and baseline BMI status. Model 2: included age, gender/ race/ethnicity, income, education and baseline BMI status. Figures in bold indicate statistically significant values (p-value <0.05)