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Table 3 Multivariate associations of diet quality and physical activity with prevalent obesity at baseline, and change in BMI over 1y follow up

From: Obesity, diet quality, physical activity, and the built environment: the need for behavioral pathways

  Prevalent obesity at baselinea Change in BMI at 1-year follow upb
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
OR P-value 95 % CI OR P-value 95 % CI Coeff P-value 95 % CI Coeff P-value 95 % CI
HEI-2010 (continuous) 0.97 0.006 (0.95, 0.99) 0.97 0.025 (0.95, 0.99) −0.01 0.325 (−0.02, 0.01) −0.01 0.338 (−0.02, 0.01)
Meets PA guidelines             
 No ref    ref    ref    ref   
 Yes 0.43 0.000 (0.27, 0.69) 0.46 0.001 (0.28, 0.74) −0.04 0.790 (−0.35, 0.27) −0.03 0.875 (−0.34, 0.29)
HEI-2010 (median split)             
 Below median ref    ref    ref    ref   
 Above median 0.48 0.003 (0.30, 0.78) 0.52 0.009 (0.32, 0.85) 0.11 0.495 (−0.21, 0.43) 0.11 0.485 (−0.20, 0.44)
Meets PA guidelines             
 No ref    ref    ref    ref   
 Yes 0.43 0.000 (0.27, 0.69) 0.45 0.001 (0.28, 0.73) −0.04 0.790 (−0.35, 0.27) −0.05 0.754 (−0.37, 0.26)
  1. aModel 1: adjusted for age, gender, race, income, education, living in Seattle vs. outside. Model 2: Model 1 + diet quality + physical activity
  2. bModel 1: adjusted for age, gender, race, income, education, living in Seattle vs. outside, and baseline BMI status. Model 2: Model 1 + diet quality + physical activity
  3. Figures in bold indicate statistical significance at different p-values