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Table 2 Multivariate associations of BE indicators (food and physical activity environment) at baseline in relation to diet quality and physical activity at baseline

From: Obesity, diet quality, physical activity, and the built environment: the need for behavioral pathways

Built environment within 800 m of home HEI-2010 Physical activity (meet PAG)
Total Total
Coef. P-Value 95 % CI OR P-Value 95 % CI
Supermarket
 No ref    ref   
 Yes −0.19 0.847 (−2.13, 1.75) 0.69 0.094 (0.45, 1.06)
Convenience store
 No ref    ref   
 Yes −0.25 0.805 (−2.25, 1.75) 0.80 0.325 (0.51, 1.25)
Fast food/ QSR
 No ref    ref   
 Yes 0.48 0.646 (−1.57, 2.53) 0.81 0.371 (0.50, 1.29)
Park
 No (<=3) ref    ref   
 Yes (>3) 0.86 0.374 (−1.04, 2.77) 0.95 0.805 (0.62, 1.45)
Number of supermarkets
 Tertile 1 (0) ref    ref   
 Tertile 2 (1) 0.08 0.946 (−2.11, 2.26) 0.76 0.285 (0.45, 1.26)
 Tertile 3 (2–4) −0.58 0.694 (−3.51, 2.33) 0.61 0.091 (0.34, 1.08)
Number of convenience stores
 Tertile 1 (0) ref    ref   
 Tertile 2 (1–2) −0.41 0.728 (−2.71, 1.89) 0.87 0.592 (0.53, 1.44)
 Tertile 3 (3–16) −0.05 0.965 (−2.43, 2.32) 0.72 0.227 (0.42, 1.23)
Number of fast foods/QSR
 Tertile 1 (0–1) ref    ref   
 Tertile 2 (2–8) 1.45 0.212 (−0.83, 3.75) 0.88 0.641 (0.52, 1.49)
 Tertile 3 (9–157) 0.82 0.502 (−1.59, 3.24) 0.89 0.674 (0.53, 1.51)
Number of parks
 Tertile 1 (0–2) ref    ref   
 Tertile 2 (3–5) 2.89 0.009 (0.72, 5.06) 1.03 0.902 (0.64, 1.67)
 Tertile 3 (6–16) 1.80 0.197 (−0.93, 4.54) 1.04 0.899 (0.59, 1.83)
Length of streets
 Tertile 1 (23 K - 71 K feet) ref    ref   
 Tertile 2 (72 K - 96 K feet) 0.92 0.435 (−1.39, 3.24) 1.18 0.518 (0.71, 1.96)
 Tertile 3 (97 K - 158 K feet) 1.36 0.272 (−1.07, 3.81) 1.47 0.159 (0.86, 2.5)
Length of streets with sidewalks
 Tertile 1 (0 - 26 K feet) ref    ref   
 Tertile 2 (26 K - 67 K feet) 1.27 0.286 (−1.07, 3.62) 0.92 0.740 (0.55, 1.52)
 Tertile 3(67 K - 124 K feet) 1.73 0.148 (−0.61, 4.08) 1.43 0.187 (0.84, 2.45)
Mean property value 800 m
 Tertile 1 (58 K - 275,443) ref    ref   
 Tertile 2 (275,468 - 383 K) 2.15 0.082 (−0.27, 4.59) 1.50 0.129 (0.89, 2.52)
 Tertile 3 (383 K - 1245 K) 2.76 0.030 (0.26, 5.26) 1.91 0.022 (1.10, 3.31)
  1. Adjusted for age, gender, race, income and education. Figures in bold indicate statistically significant values (p-value <0.05)