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Table 4 Logistic regression model results of the association between household sanitary facilities and IPV within the 12 months preceding the survey in India (2005-06), N = 58,584

From: Household sanitation facilities and women’s risk of non-partner sexual violence in India

  Adjusted for demographic and partner characteristics, and household assets
  Odds ratio (95 % CI) p-value
Sanitation facilities
 Toilet 1 NA
 Pit 0 · 79 0 · 032
  (0 · 63-0 · 98)  
 Open air 1 · 00 0 · 966
  (0 · 85-1 · 18)  
Respondent’s demographic characteristics
 Education 0 · 96 <0 · 001
  (0 · 95-0 · 98)  
 Age 0 · 96 <0 · 001
  (0 · 95-0 · 98)  
Caste/religion
 Upper Caste Hindu 1 NA
 SC/ST Hindu 1 · 08 0 · 368
  (0 · 92-1 · 26)  
 OBC Hindu 0 · 98 0 · 841
  (0 · 84-1 · 16)  
 Lower class Muslim 0 · 74 0 · 045
  (0 · 56-0 · 99)  
 Forward class Muslim 1 · 41 0 · 004
  (1 · 11-1 · 78)  
 Other SC/ST, Christian, Buddhist 0 · 72 0 · 069
  (0 · 51-1 · 03)  
 Other 0 · 64 0 · 010
  (0 · 45-0 · 90)  
City size
 Mega city 1  
 Large city 2 · 51 <0 · 001
  (1 · 68-3 · 76)  
 Small city 1 · 87 0 · 002
  (1 · 25-2 · 80)  
 Large town 4 · 14 <0 · 001
  (2 · 62-6 · 55)  
 Small town 1 · 96 0 · 001
  (1 · 30-2 · 96)  
 Rural 2 · 20 <0 · 001
  (1 · 55-3 · 14)  
Geographic region
 North 1  
 North-central 0 · 83 0 · 120
  (0 · 66-1 · 05)  
 North-east 1 · 18 0 · 260
  (0 · 88-1 · 58)  
 East 1 · 25 0 · 055
  (1 · 00-1 · 58)  
 West 0 · 27 <0 · 001
  (0 · 20-0 · 36)  
 South 0 · 31 <0 · 001
  (0 · 24-0 · 40)  
Partner and couple characteristics
 Education 0 · 98 <0 · 001
  (0 · 96-0 · 99)  
 Age 1 · 00 0 · 854
  (0 · 99-1 · 01)  
 Fertility 1 · 04 0 · 016
  (1 · 01-1 · 07)  
 Husband does not live at home 1 · 07 0 · 520
  (0 · 88-1 · 29)  
Household assets
Electricity in home 0 · 96 0 · 595
  (0 · 84-1 · 10)  
Roof material
 Natural 1  
 Man-made, semi-permanent 0 · 96 <0 · 001
  (0 · 81-1 · 14)  
 Man-made, permanent 0 · 95 0 · 448
  (0 · 82-1 · 09)  
Constant 0 · 19 <0 · 001
  (0 · 000-0 · 12)  
  1. Note. 95 % CI in parentheses