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Table 2 Logistic regression model results of the association between Indian women’s household sanitation facilities and their experience of NPV within the last twelve months (2005-06), N = 75,619

From: Household sanitation facilities and women’s risk of non-partner sexual violence in India

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 (Full model)
  Bivariate Adjusted for demographic characteristics Adjusted for demographic characteristics and household assets
  Odds ratio   Odds ratio   Odds ratio  
  (95 % CI) p-value (95 % CI) p-value (95 % CI) p-value
Sanitation facilities
 Toilet 1 NA 1 NA 1 NA
 Pit 1 · 29 0 · 67 0 · 58 0 · 31 0 · 59 0 · 33
  (0 · 40 – 4 · 19)   (0 · 20 – 1 · 66)   (0 · 20 – 1 · 70)  
 Open air 2 · 14 0 · 004 2 · 15 0 · 02 2 · 25 0 · 02
  (1 · 28 – 3 · 56)   (1 · 11 – 4 · 15)   (1 · 13 – 4 · 50)  
Respondent’s demographic characteristics
 Education    1 0 · 98 1 0 · 93
    (0 · 93 – 1 · 08)   (0 · 93 – 1 · 07)  
 Age    0 · 96 0 · 014 0 · 96 0 · 01
    (0 · 93 – 0 · 99)   (0 · 93 – 0 · 99)  
Relationship status
 Never married    1 NA 1 NA
 Married    0 · 52 0 · 09 0 · 52 0 · 09
    (0 · 24 – 1 · 11)   (0 · 24 – 1 · 11)  
 Widowed    3 · 54 0 · 03 3 · 52 0 · 03
    (1 · 14 – 10 · 99)   (1 · 13 – 10 · 95)  
 Not living together    0 · 69 0 · 67 0 · 70 0 · 68
    (0 · 13 – 3 · 73)   (0 · 13 – 3 · 79)  
Caste/ religion
 Upper caste Hindu    1 NA 1 NA
 SC/ST Hindu    2 · 71 0 · 02 2 · 74 0 · 02
    (1 · 17 – 6 · 31)   (1 · 18 – 6 · 34)  
 OBC Hindu    1 · 44 0 · 43 1 · 44 0 · 42
    (0 · 59 – 3 · 50)   (0 · 59 – 3 · 50)  
 Lower class Muslim    6 · 75 <0 · 001 6 · 75 <0 · 001
    (2 · 36 – 19 · 29)   (2 · 36 – 19 · 32)  
 Forward class Muslim    2 · 62 0 · 11 2 · 60 0 · 11
    (0 · 80 – 8 · 59)   (0 · 81 – 8 · 35)  
 Other SC/ST, Christian, Buddhist    1 · 62 0 · 42 1 · 64 0 · 41
    (0 · 50 – 5 · 18)   (0 · 51 – 5 · 25)  
 Other    0 · 38 0 · 05 0 · 37 0 · 04
    (0 · 15 – 0 · 99)   (0 · 14 – 0 · 97)  
City size
 Mega city    1 NA 1 NA
 Large city    9 · 79 0 · 04 9 · 78 0 · 04
    (1 · 10 – 86 · 72)   (1 · 10 – 87 · 33)  
 Small city    9 · 34 0 · 05 9 · 27 0 · 05
    (1 · 04 – 84 · 09)   (1 · 03 – 83 · 32)  
 Large town    11 · 28 0 · 07 11 · 16 0 · 08
    (0 · 80 – 159 · 48)   (0 · 78 – 160 · 26)  
 Small town    7 · 95 0 · 05 7 · 95 0 · 05
    (0 · 97 – 65 · 07)   (0 · 97 – 65 · 40)  
 Rural    7 · 46 0 · 06 7 · 55 0 · 06
    (0 · 93 – 59 · 77)   (0 · 95 – 60 · 31)  
Geographic region
 North    1 NA 1 NA
 North-central    0 · 92 0 · 85 0 · 90 0 · 82
    (0 · 40 – 2 · 12)   (0 · 39 – 2 · 11)  
 North-east    4 · 64 0 · 002 4 · 22 0 · 01
    (1 · 77 – 12 · 20)   (1 · 41 – 12 · 63)  
 East    0 · 98 0 · 97 0 · 90 0 · 81
    (0 · 42 – 2 · 30)   (0 · 38 – 2 · 14)  
 West    0 · 86 0 · 78 0 · 76 0 · 61
    (0 · 28 – 2 · 58)   (0 · 26 – 2 · 22)  
 South    0 · 60 0 · 34 0 · 58 0 · 30
    (0 · 22 – 1 · 69)   (0 · 21 – 1 · 60)  
Household assets
 Electricity in home      0 · 95 0 · 86
 Roof material      (0 · 51 – 1 · 75)  
 Natural      1 NA
 Man-made, semi-permanent      1 · 65 0 · 26
      (0 · 69 – 3 · 93)  
 Man-made, permanent      1 · 54 0 · 23
      (0 · 77 – 3 · 08)  
Constant 0 · 001 <0 · 001 0 · 0003 <0 · 001 0 · 0002 <0 · 001
  (0 · 001 – 0 · 001)   (0 · 00003 – 0 · 003)   (0 · 00002 – 0 · 003)  
  1. Note. 95 % CI in parentheses