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Table 1 Respondents’ characteristics and body mass index status by country

From: Urban–rural and geographic differences in overweight and obesity in four sub-Saharan African adult populations: a multi-country cross-sectional study

Characteristics Rural Uganda Peri-Urban Uganda Tanzania Nigeria South Africa Total
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Sex
Female 100 (50) 158 (53) 192 (83) 133 (67) 344 (70) 927 (65)
Male 100 (50) 139 (47) 35 (17) 67 (34) 145 (30) 489 (35)
Age, years
 18–34 88 (46) 141 (58) 57 (27) 73 (45) 43 (9) 402 (31)
 35–44 62 (33) 47 (19) 75 (36) 55 (33) 167 (34) 406 (31)
> = 45 41(21) 55 (23) 77 (37) 36(22) 276(57) 485 (38)
Range 19–65 18–80 25–60 23–57 22–71 18–80
Mean (SD) Age 37 (11) 36 (14) 42 (9) 38 (8) 46 (9) 41 (11)
Education
 Low education 198 (99) 201 (72) 0 0 0 399 (31)
 High education 2 (1) 77 (28) 223 (100) 161(100) 429 (100) 892 (69)
Marital status
 Never married 9 (5) 72 (24) 27 (12) 60 (32) 75 (16) 243 (18)
 Married/living together 173 (87) 179 (61) 174 (77) 121 (64) 329 (69) 976 (70)
 Separated, divorced, widowed, other 18 (9) 44 (15) 26 (11) 7 (4) 71 (15) 166 (12)
Cigarette smoking
 Ever smoked 25 (13) 19 (6) 3 (1) 6 (3) 85 (19) 138 (10)
 Never smoked 175 (87) 277 (94) 225 (99) 188 (97) 370 (81) 1235 (90)
Number of Cigarette in past 24 h
 <= 19 22 (88) 19 (100) 3 (100) 6 (100) 65(76) 115 (84)
 > = 20 3 (12) 0 0 0 20 (24) 23 (16)
Wealth status
 High 0 5 (2) 0 77 (39) 440 (90) 522 (37)
 Middle 56 (28) 180 (61) 150 (66) 107 (54) 49 (10) 542 (38)
 Low 144 (72) 112 (38) 79 (35) 16 (8) 0 351 (25)
Body mass index (Kg/M2)
Underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2) 4 (2) 17 (6) 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 24 (2)
 Normal (BMI 18.5–24.9 Kg/m2) 86 (52) 161 (56) 42 (25) 37 (32) 70 (15) 396 (33)
 Overweight (BMI 25–29.9 Kg/m2) 59 (36) 69 (24) 58 (35) 43 (37) 145 (31) 374 (31)
 Obese (BMI ≥30 Kg/m2) 16 (10) 40 (14) 67 (40) 36 (31) 255 (54) 414 (34)
Range (BMI) 15–43 17–42 17–45 18–40 18–66 15–66
Mean (SD) BMI 25 (4) 25 (5) 29 (5) 28 (5.2) 32 (7) 28 (7)