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Table 1 Response rates (%), samples size and prevalence of HIV/AIDS (%) by gender, country and survey year

From: What explains gender inequalities in HIV/AIDS prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa? Evidence from the demographic and health surveys

  Survey year Age range (years) Response rates (%)a Women Men Gender inequality in HIV/AIDS prevalence
Countries   Women Men   nb HIV +c Prevalence1 (%)d nb HIV +c Prevalence (%)d Women-Men p-valuee
Burkina Faso (BF) 2003 15–49 15–59 89 4189 84 1.82 3341 59 1.95 −0.13 0.713
2010 15–49 15–59 95 8346 100 1.18 7034 60 0.84 0.34 0.086
Cameroon (CM) 2004 15–49 15–59 91.34 5154 349 6.63 5041 203 3.92 2.71 <0.001
2011 15–49 15–59 93 7253 434 5.57 6945 215 2.89 2.69 <0.001
Congo Brazzaville (CG) 2009 15–49 15–49 97.6 6349 240 4.13 5760 134 2.06 2.07 <0.001
Côte d’Ivoire (CI) 2005 15–49 15–49 78 4547 247 6.21 3917 110 3.11 3.1 <0.001
Ethiopia (ET) 2005 15–49 15–59 79 5942 142 1.86 5107 70 0.91 0.95 0.003
2011 15–49 15–59 85.75 15505 358 1.86 12998 182 0.98 0.88 <0.001
Ghana (GH) 2003 15–49 15–59 85 5289 138 2.71 4265 68 1.63 1.08 <0.001
Guinea (GN) 2005 15–49 15–59 91 3842 68 1.89 2925 35 1.1 0.79 0.010
Liberia (LR) 2005 15–49 15–49 84 6482 147 1.91 5206 62 1.23 0.68 0.008
Malawi (MW) 2004 15–49 15–54 67 2864 421 13.32 2404 243 10.23 3.09 0.002
2010 15–49 15–54 87 7396 890 12.88 6509 530 8.39 4.5 <0.001
Mali (ML) 2006 15–49 15–59 88 4743 69 1.54 3886 38 1.11 0.44 0.109
Mozambique (MZ) 2009 15–64 15–64 91 5901 875 12.67 4404 442 9.04 3.63 <0.001
Niger (NE) 2006 15–49 15–59 88 4441 39 0.71 3232 33 0.71 0 0.974
D.R. Congo (CD) 2007 15–49 15–59 88 4632 81 1.62 4304 43 0.92 0.7 0.027
Rwanda (RW) 2005 15–49 15–59 96.5 5663 222 3.61 4728 115 2.2 1.41 <0.001
2010 15–49 15–59 98 6952 266 3.71 6296 154 2.41 1.3 <0.001
Sao Tome & Principe (ST) 2008/2009 15–49 15–59 -- 2550 37 1.29 2160 39 1.8 −0.5 0.215
Senegal (SN) 2005 15–49 15–59 80 4466 48 0.88 3250 16 0.44 0.44 0.009
2011 15–49 15–59 80 5590 61 0.83 4327 32 0.51 0.32 0.071
Sierra Leone (SL) 2008 15–49 15–59 86 3466 64 1.73 3009 32 1.16 0.57 0.068
Swaziland (SZ) 2006/2007 15–49 15–49 85 4584 1438 31.15 3602 704 19.7 11.45 <0.001
Uganda (UG) 2011 15–59 15–59 96 11967 944 8.21 9399 551 6.11 2.1 <0.001
Zambia (ZM) 2007 15–49 15–59 75 5713 947 16.09 5161 649 12.29 3.8 <0.001
Zimbabwe (ZW) 2005/2006 15–49 15–54 70 7494 1553 21.12 5555 782 14.75 6.37 <0.001
2010/2011 15–49 15–54 75 7852 1463 17.71 6045 811 12.45 5.05 <0.001
  1. Note: n sample size
  2. aMore information on response rates is available at the following link: http://www.measuredhs.com/What-We-Do/survey-search.cfm?pgtype=main&SrvyTp=country
  3. bNumbers of women and men in the sample. These frequencies are unweighted numbers
  4. cNumbers of women and men with HIV positive test. These frequencies are unweighted numbers
  5. dA Weighted percentage of persons with HIV positive test among women and men using sampling weights provided by the DHS and AIS
  6. ep-value based on Chi-squared test for the difference in HIV/AIDS prevalence between women and men