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Table 2 Univariate logistic regression analyses of factors associated with treatment non-compliancea of 300 TB patients, Lusaka, Zambia

From: Tuberculosis patients’ pre-hospital delay and non-compliance with a longstanding DOT programme: a mixed methods study in urban Zambia

Variable Compliant
N = 269
Non-compliant
N = 31
P-value OR (95 % CI) b
N (%) c N (%) c   
Sex (male) 169 (63.3) 24 (72.7) 0.230 0.60 (0.26, 1.39)
Age (>31 yearsd) 151 (56.1) 16 (51.6) 0.632 1.20 (0.57, 2.52)
Level of education (none - primary school) 133 (49.8) 15 (45.5) 0.624 0.83 (0.39, 1.75)
Profession (employed) 179 (67.0) 26 (78.8) 0.255 0.60 (0.25, 1.45)
HIV (HIV +) 129 (53.3) 18 (58.1) 0.586 1.24 (0.57, 2.71)
Seeking alternative health care (yes) 138 (51.7) 16 (48.5) 0.729 1.14 (0.54, 2.40)
Stigma (yes) 101 (82.1) 12 (80.0) 0.841 0.87 (0.23, 3.35)
Financial constraints (yes) 89 (33.3) 14 (42.4) 0.348 0.70 (0.33, 1.48)
Difficulties with time/distance to be at/reach the clinic (yes) 104 (39.0) 17 (51.5) 0.086 0.52 (0.25, 1.10)
  1. aPatients who had previously paused their treatment for one or more weeks or had abandoned treatment were considered non-compliant
  2. bOR (95 % CI): Odds Ratio and 95 % Confidence Interval
  3. cValid percent
  4. dIn both age groups same percentage of non-compliant patients