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Table 1 Patient characteristics (300 TB patients), comparison quantitative sample N = 270 with in-depth sample N = 30, Lusaka, Zambia

From: Tuberculosis patients’ pre-hospital delay and non-compliance with a longstanding DOT programme: a mixed methods study in urban Zambia

Variable Overall study group
N = 300
Quantitative sample
N = 270
In-depth sample
N = 30
P-valuea OR (95 % CI)b
N (%)c N (%) N (%)   
Age (years)
 Mean [SD] 33.3 [11.3] 33.6 [11.1] 31.0 [13.3] 0.240 (−6.85, 1.72)
Sex
 Male 193 (64.3) 176 (65.2) 17 (56.7) 0.422 1.43 (0.67, 3.08)
 Female 107 (35.7) 94 (34.8) 13 (43.3)   
Marital status
 Married/relation 179 (59.7) 165 (61.1) 14 (46.7) 0.169 1.80 (0.84, 3.83)
 Single 121 (40.3) 105 (38.9) 16 (53.3)   
Education
 Low (none-7 years) 148 (49.3) 136 (50.4) 12 (40.0) 0.337 1.52 (0.71, 3.28)
 High (7 yrs-higher) 152 (50.7) 134 (49.5) 18 (60.0)   
Profession
 Employed 205 (68.3) 187 (69.3) 18 (60.0) 0.307 1.50 (0.69, 3.26)
 Unemployed 95 (31.7) 83 (30.7) 12 (40.0)   
Treatment duration (wks)
 Mean [SD] 10.8 [8.3] 10.9 [8.3] 9.5 [9.0] 0.368 (−4.60, 1.71)
TB Relapse
 Yes 86 (29.0) 77 (28.8) 9 (30.0) 1.000 1.06 (0.46, 2.41)
 No 211 (71.0) 190 (71.2) 21 (70.0)   
 Unknown 3 (1.0) 3 (1.1) 0 (0.0)   
VCT
 VCT 274 (94.2) 247 (94.3) 27 (93.1) 0.681 1.22 (0.27, 5.62)
 No VCT 17 (5.8) 15 (5.7) 2 (6.9)   
 Unknown 9 (3.0) 8 (3.0) 1 (3.3)   
HIV
 HIV positive 147 (53.8) 130 (52.8) 17 (63.0) 0.417 0.66 (0.29, 1.50)
 HIV negative 126 (46.2) 116 (47.2) 10 (37.0)   
 Unknown 27 (9.0) 24 (8.9) 3 (10.0)   
HIV patients on ART
 ART 101 (68.7) 86 (66.2) 15 (88.2) 0.094 0.26 (0.06, 1.19)
 No ART 46 (31.3) 44 (33.8) 2 (11.8)   
 Unknown/not applicable 153 (51.0) 140 (51.9) 13 (43.3)   
  1. aFisher’s Exact Test for categorical variables, t-test for continuous variables comparing quantitative and in-depth sample
  2. bOR (95 % CI) Odds Ratio and 95 % Confidence Interval
  3. cValid percent