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Table 2 Adjusted risk of death from coronary heart disease during the 11-year follow-up

From: Pessimism and risk of death from coronary heart disease among middle-aged and older Finns: an eleven-year follow-up study

  Risk of death from coronary heart disease
Model 1 Model 2
OR 95 % CI p-value OR 95 % CI p-value
CHD at baseline 8.09 5.35–12.23 <0.001 7.41 4.38–2.53 <0.001
CVD risk score at baseline 1.26 1.19–1.33 <0.001 1.30 1.21–1.39 <0.001
Pessimism (score) 1.08 1.00 –1.16 0.039
Pessimism (quartiles; highest/ lowest) 2.18 1.21–3.89 0.010
  1. Model 1 = the pessimism score is included as a continuous variable
  2. Model 2 = the pessimism score has been divided into quartiles and the highest quartile has been compared with the lowest
  3. Both models include the presence of CHD and the CVD risk score at baseline
  4. OR adjusted odds ratio, 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval, CHD coronary heart disease, CVD cardiovascular disease