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Table 2 Association between awareness of peripheral arterial disease and participant characteristics (n = 2779)

From: Gaps in awareness of peripheral arterial disease in Sri Lanka: a cross sectional study

Socioeconomic characteristics Awareness of PAD Total Significance
Aware (n = 114) Not aware a (n = 2665) Bivariate analysis Multiple logistic regression analysis
No % No %    
Age p = 0.273 p = 0.387
 40–49 47 4.0 1125 96.0 1172
 50–59 39 4.8 759 95.2 798
≥60 28 3.5 781 96.5 809
Sex p < 0.001 p < 0.001
 Male 73 5.2 1310 94.8 1383
Female 41 2.9 1355 97.1 1396
Sector in residence p = 0.006 p < 0.001
 Residence in urban 34 6.2 517 93.8 551
 Residence in rural 80 3.6 2148 96.4 2228
Highest level of education p < 0.001 p < 0.001
 Up to GCE O/L 14 1.6 878 98.4 892
 GCE O/L completed and above 100 5.3 1787 94.7 1887
Family income Rs. p = 0.143 p = 0.760
 <30,000 45 3.5 1238 96.5 1283
 ≥30,000 69 4.6 1427 95.4 1496
Current smokers 20 5.2 364 94.8 384 p = 0.191 p = 0.419
Presence of claudication symptoms 13 8.7 136 91.3 149 p = 0.088 p = 0.061
Medical history
 Diabetes mellitus Yes 29 5.5 498 94.5 527 p = 0.717 p = 0.452
No 85 3.2 2167 96.8 2252
 Hypertension Yes 32 5.3 571 94.7 603 p = 0.091 p = 0.064
No 82 3.1 2094 96.9 2176
 Dyslipidemia Yes 26 5.2 472 94.8 498 p = 0.164 p = 0.579
No 88 3.3 2193 96.7 2281
  1. GCE O/L general certificate of education ordinary level, PAD peripheral arterial disease
  2. a “not heard about the disease” and “heard but could not describe the disease” combined as “not aware of PAD”