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Table 1 Definitions of outcomes of interest measured

From: Type and extent of trans-disciplinary co-operation to improve food security, health and household environment in low and middle income countries: systematic review

Outcome categories Outcomes of interest measured
Food production Year round of food production, production of vitamin A- rich fruits and vegetables, poultry stock and egg production, fish production, access to goat milk and other home grown foods
Food consumption Household food security level/score, Dietary Diversity Score (DDS), consumption of food/food groups per day
Nutrient intake Micro- and macro-nutrient intake levels
Anthropometry Prevalence of Stunting [Weight for age Z-score (WAZ)], Wasting [height for age Z-score (HAZ)], underweight, child growth, height and weight gain
Nutrient deficiencies Vitamin A deficiency level, Incidence/prevalence of anaemia, serum retinol concentration, serum ferritin level, haemoglobin, night blindness
Air quality Kitchen/household/personal exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) and/or concentration of fine particulate matter of diameter < 2.5 μm (PM2.5), kitchen smoke, suspended particulate matter (PM) concentration, nitrogen dioxide concentration, ratio of food to fuel
Health Incidence and/or prevalence of: Diarrhoeal disease; morbidity; respiratory disease symptoms (cough, runny nose, breathlessness, incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), pneumonia); eye irritation/infection, headache. Changes in: lung function performance; cognitive performance and attention levels; quality of life
Microbial Contamination Thermo tolerant coliforms (TCC) count, level of E.coli contamination
Hygiene and sanitation Kitchen and hand hygiene, behaviour and knowledge of water storage, self-reported compliance
Education Perception and knowledge of health and nutrition