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Table 2 Overview of study outcomes and measurement details

From: Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT) pilot study protocol: a gender-sensitized weight loss and healthy lifestyle program for overweight and obese male hockey fans

Outcome Equipment or instrument Description
Objectively Measured Clinical Characteristics
Weight (kg and % of baseline weight) Digital weight scale (Tanita HD-351) • Light clothing, no shoes and empty pockets • Blinded assessor post-baseline in private area
Body mass index (kg/m2) Digital weight scale (Tanita HD‐351) Portable stadiometer (seca 213) • BMI calculated using the participant’s objectively measured height and weight • Height measured without shoes
Waist circumference (cm) Tape measure • Follows protocol outlined by the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada • Two measurements taken to record an average; if measurements differ by more than 5 mm, a third measurement is taken and used in the average
Resting systolic blood pressure (BP) (mmHg) Digital BP monitor (BP Tru BPM-100) • Participants sit quietly for 5 min prior to the first measurement; 3 measurements will be taken, 2 min apart. The first one is discarded, and the average of the last two is recorded • Feet flat on the floor, arm free of clothing, cuff at the level of heart and arm resting, same arm used (left arm preferred), no talking
Resting diastolic BP (mmHg)
Self-Reported Physical Activity
Average steps/day Pedometer (Yamax Digiwalker SW-200 with security strap) • Participants wear pedometers during waking hours for a 7-day period (putting pedometer on upon waking and removing immediately before sleeping), but not during showering/ bathing • Participants are asked to wear the pedometer at the waist, centered over their most dominant foot • Participants record the number of steps completed each day on a paper-based tracking form
Total physical activity (MET-min/weeka) International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) – Short Form • Self-completed paper‐based questionnaire • Participants recall information on vigorous activities, moderate activities, walking, and sitting • Sedentary time is measured with a single question (minutes spent sitting on a typical week day) • The IPAQ provides guidelines for data processing and score creation
Time spent in sedentary activity (min/day)
Self-Reported Eating and Alcohol
Total healthful eating score Starting the Conversation (STC) • Self-completed paper-based questionnaire • Designed for dietary assessment and intervention in a clinical setting • Participants recall eating habits over the past few months (on average) on 8 different items • A total healthful eating score (possible range 0–16) is calculated, whereby a lower score indicates a more healthful diet
Fatty food score Modified version of the Dietary Instrument for Nutrition Education (DINE) • Self-completed paper-based questionnaire • Participants recall eating habits over the last 7 days • Fruit and vegetable consumption is measured with a single question • Methods published by FFIT will be followed to calculate a fatty food score (possible range 8–68) and sugary food score (possible range 3–16), with higher scores indicative of higher consumption
Sugary food score
Sugary food score
Total alcohol Consumption (units/week) 7-day recall diary • Self-completed paper-based diary • Participants recall alcohol consumption (beer, cider/cooler, wine, distilled alcohol, and other) over the last 7 days • Total alcohol consumption is calculated by summing the number of drinks across the categories for each day and then summing the total number of drinks/day
Psychological and Health-Related Quality of Life
Self-esteem score Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) • Self-completed paper-based questionnaire • Consists of 10 items assessing global self- esteem; 5 items have positively worded statements and 5 are negatively worded • Participants are asked to reflect on their current feelings (i.e., the extent to which they agree or disagree with each statement) • A summary score (possible range 0‐30) is calculated to provide a measure of self-esteem, where higher scores indicate higher self- esteem
Positive Affect Score International Positive and Negative Affect Schedule Short Form (I‐PANAS‐SF) • Self-completed paper-based questionnaire • Consists of 10 words that describe different feelings or emotions (half positive, half negative) • Participants rate how they normally feel, from 1 = never to 5 = always • Positive and negative affect sub‐scale scores are calculated (both range 5‐25), where higher scores indicate higher levels of positive affect, and negative affect, respectively
Negative Affect Score
Self-Rated Health [visual analog scale (VAS) score] European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions Questionnaire - 3 Level Version (EQ‐5D- 3 L) • Self-completed paper-based questionnaire • For purposes of this study, the VAS score will be used to assess current state of health on a scale from 0 (worst imaginable state of health) to 100 (best imaginable state of health)
  1. aMETs (metabolic equivalents) are multiples of the resting metabolic rate; MET-minute multiplying the MET score of an activity by the minutes performed