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Table 2 Factors associated with Late HIV Diagnosis in Debre-Markos and Finote-Selam hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia, April 2013

From: Factors associated with late Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) diagnosis among peoples living with it, Northwest Ethiopia: hospital based unmatched case-control study

Characteristics Cases N Controls N COR (95 %CI) AOR (95 %CI) P-value
Comprehensive HIV knowledgec      0.566
 Had 32 58 1a 1a  
 Didn’t have 126 110 2.1 (1.26–3.43) 1.2(0.64–2.29)  
Attitude about HIVc
 Positive 53 86 1a 1a 0.310
 Negative 105 82 2.1(1.33–3.25) 1.3 (0.76–2.39)  
Understanding about HIV/AIDS
 Had 43 74 1a 1a <0.001
 Had no 115 94 2.1 (1.32–3.349) 1.7 (1.08–2.79)  
Perceived HIV stigma
 Low 41 77 1a   0.200
 High 117 91 2.4 (1.51–3.85) 1.7 (1–2.89)b  
ART knowledgec
 Good 87 110 1a 1a 0.775
 Poor 71 58 1.5 (1–2.42)b 1.1 (0.61–1.93)  
Understanding about ART
 Had 39 70 1a 1a 0.015
 Had no 106 85 2.2 (1.38–3.63) 2.1 (1.25–3.72)  
Reason to test
 Symptoms 129 92 1a 1a 0.003
 Screening 22 35 0.4 (0.25–0.81) 0.5 (0.27–1.06)b  
 Risk exposure 36 62 0.4 (0.25–0.68) 0.4 (0.21–0.61)  
Mode of HIV acquisition
 Sexual contact 161 133 1a 1a 0.008
 Other methods 26 56 0.4 (0.23–0.64) 0.4 (0.21–0.66)  
Opportunistic illnessc
 Absent 55 87 1a 1a 0.604
 Present 132 102 2.0 (1.34–3.13) 0.9 (0.52–1.48)  
Year of diagnosis
 Before 2007 30 15 1a 1a 0.014
 2007–2008 57 45 0.6 (0.3–1.32) 0.6 (0.3–1.42)  
 After 2008 100 129 0.4 (0.2–0.76) 0.3 (0.17–0.72)  
  1. N number of respondents, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval, AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. aReference category, bmariginally significant at 0.05, cvariables which were not significantly associated with late HIV diagnosis in the multiple analysis