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Table 2 Health-related correlates of reporting diabetes (n = 11,075)

From: Diabetes in young adult men: social and health-related correlates

Potential correlate Proportion Reporting Diabetes (%) Association with Reporting Diabetesa
Odds Ratio (95 % Confidence Interval; p value)
Unadjusted Adjustedb
Known Risk Factors
Smoking status
 Never smoked, n = 6,320 2.52 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 Ex-smoker, n = 2,415 3.81 1.53 (1.18 – 1.99; 0.001) 1.17 (0.90 – 1.53; 0.251)
 Current smoker, n = 2,175 3.72 1.50 (1.14 – 1.97; 0.004) 1.38 (1.04 – 1.81; 0.024)
 Less than daily fruit/veg. consumption, n = 415 3.86 1.30 (0.78 – 2.17; 0.316) 1.31 (0.78 – 2.21; 0.306)
Physical activity level    
 Sufficient for health, n = 5,663 2.38 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 Insufficient for health, n = 2,917 2.91 1.23 (0.93 – 1.62; 0.142) 1.03 (0.78 – 1.36; 0.825)
 Sedentary, n = 1,381 5.14 2.22 (1.65 – 2.98; <0.001) 1.66 (1.23 – 2.25; 0.001)
BMI    
 Healthy range or less, n = 3,340 1.53 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 Overweight, n = 4,116 2.02 1.33 (0.93 – 1.89; 0.115) 1.12 (0.78 – 1.59; 0.537)
 Obese, n = 2,235 6.76 4.67 (3.39 – 6.45; <0.001) 3.83 (2.77 – 5.31; <0.001)
 Missing, n = 1,384 3.54 2.37 (1.59 – 3.52; <0.001) 2.35 (1.58 – 3.50; <0.001)
High blood pressure (ever), n = 1,468 10.22 6.30 (5.02 – 7.90; <0.001) 4.38 (3.44 – 5.56; <0.001)
Other Potential Correlates
 Reported good to excellent self-rated health, n = 10,153 2.22 0.17 (0.13 – 0.21; <0.001) 0.23 (0.18 – 0.29; <0.001)
 Average or above SF-12 PCS, n = 6,640 1.54 0.27 (0.22 – 0.35; <0.001) 0.35 (0.27 – 0.45; <0.001)
 Average or above SF-12 MCS, n = 6,320 2.37 0.60 (0.48 – 0.76; <0.001) 0.62 (0.50 – 0.78; <0.001)
 Average or above PWI SWS, n = 6,378 2.09 0.46 (0.36 – 0.57; <0.001) 0.51 (0.41 – 0.64; <0.001)
 Above-average number of comorbidities, n = 3,545 6.01 4.19 (3.32 – 5.28; <0.001) 3.28 (2.59 – 4.15; <0.001)
Check-up with doctor
 Never, n = 4,019 0.90 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 Less than yearly, n = 2,925 1.68 1.89 (1.22 – 2.91; 0.004) 1.75 (1.13 – 2.70; 0.012)
 Yearly, n = 2,175 2.90 3.30 (2.18 – 4.99; <0.001) 2.82 (1.86 – 4.27; <0.001)
 More than once a year, n = 1,528 11.26 14.0 (9.75 – 20.2; <0.001) 11.0 (7.63 – 15.9; <0.001)
  1. aWhere not stated, the reference category is the absence of the characteristic
  2. bAfter adjusting for age and body mass index