Skip to main content

Table 4 Associations of lifestyle factors and health-related behaviour with sleep apnoea

From: Sleep apnoea in Australian men: disease burden, co-morbidities, and correlates from the Australian longitudinal study on male health

Characteristic Proportion with lifetime sleep apnoea status OR (95 % CI) p Adjusteda OR (95 % CI) p
Sleep apnoea Total     
Lifestyle-related factors N (%b)     
Level of Physical activity
 Sufficient 352 (4.5 %) 7773 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
 Sedentary/Insufficient 304 (7.0 %) 4330 (100.0 %) 1.6 (1.4, 1.9) <0.001 1.3 (1.1, 1.5) 0.006
Sitting time
  < 6 h per day 277 (4.7 %) 5949 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
  > = 6 h per day 318 (5.7 %) 5590 (100.0 %) 1.2 (1.0, 1.5) 0.012 1.2 (1.0, 1.4) 0.036
Smoking status
 Never smoked 319 (4.3 %) 7364 (100.0 %) 1.0    
 Ex-smoker 220 (6.8 %) 3227 (100.0 %) 1.6 1.4, 1.9) <0.001 1.2 (1.0, 1.5) 0.021
 Currently smoking 163 (6.2 %) 2636 (100.0 %) 1.5 (1.2, 1.8) <0.001 1.4 (1.1, 1.7) 0.005
Lifetime smoking exposure
 Never smoked 319 (4.3 %) 7364 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
 Up to 5 pack-years 74 (4.3 %) 1716 (100.0 %) 1.0 (0.8, 1.3) 0.971 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) 0.593
 6–10 pack-years 49 (4.8 %) 1014 (100.0 %) 1.1 (0.8, 1.5) 0.466 1.0 (0.7, 1.4) 0.971
 11–20 pack-years 103 (8.0 %) 1290 (100.0 %) 1.9 (1.5, 2.4) <0.001 1.6 (1.3, 2.1) <0.001
 21–40 pack-years 86 (7.6 %) 1139 (100.0 %) 1.8 (1.4, 2.3) <0.001 1.2 (0.9, 1.6) 0.167
  > 40 pack-years 47 (13.3 %) 354 (100.0 %) 3.4 (2.4, 6.7) <0.001 1.9 (1.3, 2.8) 0.001
Alcohol use months
 Low (<8) 433 (5.0 %) 8660 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
 Medium (8–15) 184 (5.2 %) 3515 (100.0 %) 1.0 (0.9, 1.2) 0.593 1.1 (0.9, 1.3) 0.291
 High (> = 16) 87 (7.6 %) 1137 (100.0 %) 1.6 (1.2, 2.0) <0.001 1.7 (1.3, 2.2) <0.001
  1. aAdjusted for age, country of birth and BMI
  2. bRow percentages