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Table 3 Associations between self-reported comorbidities and sleep apnoea

From: Sleep apnoea in Australian men: disease burden, co-morbidities, and correlates from the Australian longitudinal study on male health

Co-morbidities Lifetime doctor- or other health professional- diagnosed sleep apnoea status
Mean (SD)
OR (95 % CI) p Adjusteda OR (95 % CI) p
Sleep apnoea
N (%b)
Total     
Lifetime disease status
 Eczema 103 (7.4 %) 1395 (100.0 %) 1.5 (1.2, 1.9) <0.001 1.6 (1.3, 2.0) <0.001
 Asthma 194 (6.6 %) 2944 (100.0 %) 1.4 (1.2, 1.6) <0.001 1.3 (1.0, 1.6) 0.011
 COPD or chronic bronchitis 72 (10.5 %) 683 (100.0 %) 2.3 (1.8, 3.0) <0.001 1.6 (1.2, 2.1) 0.002
 Diabetes 87 (18.2 %) 477 (100.0 %) 4.4 (3.5, 5.7) <0.001 2.4 (1.8, 3.2) <0.001
 High cholesterol 220 (10.0 %) 2202 (100.0 %) 2.5 (2.1, 2.9) <0.001 1.7 (1.4, 2.1) <0.001
 High blood pressure 235 (10.7 %) 2197 (100.0 %) 2.7 (2.3, 3.2) <0.001 1.6 (1.4, 2.0) <0.001
 Heart attack 34 (21.7 %) 157 (100.0 %) 5.2 (3.5, 7.7) <0.001 2.8 (1.8, 4.4) <0.001
 Heart failure 23 (28.8 %) 80 (100.0 %) 7.6 (4.6, 124) <0.001 4.5 (2.6, 8.0) <0.001
 Angina 29 (17.8 %) 163 (100.0 %) 4.1 (2.7, 6.1) <0.001 2.6 (1.6, 4.1) <0.001
 Stroke 13 (15.1 %) 86 (100.0 %) 3.3 (1.8, 6.0) <0.001 1.9 (0.9, 3.9) 0.096
 Depression 297 (11.3 %) 2629 (100.0 %) 3.2 (2.8, 3.8) <0.001 2.7 (2.3, 3.2) <0.001
 PTSD 63 (14.6 %) 433 (100.0 %) 3.3 (2.5, 4.4) <0.001 2.6 (1.9, 3.5) <0.001
 Other anxiety disorders 183 (11.7 %) 1567 (100.0 %) 2.9 (2.4, 3.5) <0.001 2.7 (2.2, 3.3) <0.001
 Schizophrenia 14 (14.9 %) 94 (100.0 %) 3.2 (1.8, 5.7) <0.001 2.9 (1.5, 5.7) 0.002
 Cancer 34 (9.3 %) 366 (100.0 %) 1.9 (1.3, 2.8) <0.001 1.4 (0.9, 1.2) 0.092
BMI category (kg/m2)
 Normal or underweight (up to 24.9) 81 (2.1 %) 3910 (100.0 %) 1.0    
 Overweight (25.0–29.9) 224 (4.4 %) 5062 (100.0 %) 2.2 (1.7, 2.8) <0.001 1.7 (1.4, 2.4) <0.001
 Obese 1 (30.0–34.9) 167 (8.6 %) 1951 (100.0 %) 4.4 (3.4, 5.8) <0.001 3.6 (2.7, 4.7) <0.001
 Obese 2(35.0–39.9) 93 (15.4 %) 606 (100.0 %) 8.6 (6.3, 11.7) <0.001 7.0 (5.1, 9.6) <0.001
 Obese 3(> = 40) 58 (20.7 %) 280 (100.0 %) 12.4 (8.6, 17.8) <0.001 10.3 (7.1, 14.9) <0.001
  1. aAdjusted for age, country of birth and BMI
  2. bRow percentages