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Table 2 Associations between socio-demographic characteristics and sleep apnoea

From: Sleep apnoea in Australian men: disease burden, co-morbidities, and correlates from the Australian longitudinal study on male health

Characteristic Lifetime doctor- or other health professional- diagnosed sleep apnoea Odds ratio (95 % CI) p Adjusteda Odds ratio (95 % CI) p
Sleep apnoea Total     
N (%b)     
Age
 18–25 years 48 (2.2 %) 2219 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
 26–35 years 112 (3.6 %) 3158 (100.0 %) 1.7 (1.2, 2.3) 0.004 1.6 (1.1, 2.4) 0.016
 36–45 years 246 (6.0 %) 4095 (100.0 %) 2.9 (2.1, 4.0) <0.001 2.4 (1.6, 3.4) <0.001
 46–55 years 304 (7.7 %) 3951 (100.0 %) 3.8 (2.8, 5.1) <0.001 3.1 (2.1, 4.4) <0.001
Country of birth
 Australia 584 (5.7 %) 10258 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
 New Zealand, Polynesia, Micronesia, or Melanesia 23 (4.6 %) 503 (100.0 %) 0.7 (0.5, 1.2) 0.289 0.7 (0.5, 1.2) 0.193
 Central, East, South or South-East Asia 35 (3.0 %) 1175 (100.0 %) 0.5 (0.4, 0.7) <0.001 0.7 (0.5, 1.1) 0.098
 Middle-East (West Asia) or Africa 14 (3.6 %) 387 (100.0 %) 0.6 (0.4, 1.1) 0.085 0.8 (0.4, 1.3) 0.356
 Europe or North America 54 (5.3 %) 1025 (100.0 %) 0.9 (0.7, 1.2) 0.575 0.8 (0.6, 1.2) 0.315
 South America, Central America or Caribbean 0 (0.0 %) 64 (100.0 %) -    
Marital status
 Never married 121 (3.4 %) 3508 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
 Widowed/divorced/separated 63 (7.3 %) 865 (100.0 %) 2.2 (1.6, 3.0) <0.001 1.2 (0.8, 1.8) 0.297
 Married/de facto relationship 522 (5.8 %) 8950 (100.0 %) 1.7 (1.4, 2.1) <0.001 1.2 (0.9, 1.5) 0.278
Highest Educational Level
 Completed secondary school or less 176 (5.4 %) 3279 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
 Tertiary certificate, diploma, trade qualifications or other similar qualifications 341 (5.7 %) 6020 (100.0 %) 1.0 (0.9, 1.3) 0.550 0.9 (0.8, 1.2) 0.513
 Graduate or post-graduate 149 (4.5 %) 3299 (100.0 %) 0.8 (0.7, 1.0) 0.112 1.0 (0.8, 1.3) 0.906
Employment Status
 Employed 566 (5.0 %) 11286 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
 Unemployed and looking for work 58 (5.3 %) 1093 (100.0 %) 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) 0.674 1.2 (0.9, 1.7) 0.265
 Neither working nor looking for work 77 (9.9 %) 777 (100.0 %) 2.1 (1.6, 2.7) <0.001 1.9 (1.5, 2.6) <0.001
Number of hours worked per week
 Up to 20 h 27 (4.0 %) 681 (100.0 %) 1.00   1.00  
 21–40 h 205 (4.7 %) 4377 (100.0 %) 1.2 (0.8, 1.8) 0.405 1.0 (0.6, 1.5) 0.896
 More than 40 h 257 (5.1 %) 5054 (100.0 %) 1.3 (0.9, 1.9) 0.207 1.0 (0.6, 1.5) 0.860
Main job has night shift
 No 418 (4.9 %) 8536 (100.0 %) 1.0   1.0  
 Yes 138 (5.3 %) 2595 (100.0 %) 1.1 (0.9, 1.3) 0.389 1.1 (0.8, 1.3) 0.611
  1. aAdjusted for age, country of birth and BMI
  2. bRow percentages