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Table 3 Physical activity estimates from the Baecke questionnaire and IPAQ-SF

From: Measurement of physical activity in urban and rural South African adults: a comparison of two self-report methods

Variable All P-value Men Women P-value
Mean (SD) (Location) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) (Gender)
Beacke questionnaire
 Work index 2.8 (0.9)   2.7 (1.1) 2.8 (0.7) 0.103
  Rural 2.7 (0.9) 0.107 2.6 (1.1) 2.8 (0.8) 0.113
  Urban 2.8 (0.8) 2.8 (1.1) 2.9 (0.6) 0.506
 Walking index 0.3 (0.8)   0.5 (1.0) 0.2 (0.6) <0.001*
  Rural 0.3 (0.8) 0.246 0.6 (1.1) 0.2 (0.7) <0.001*
  Urban 0.3 (0.7) 0.4 (0.8) 0.2 (0.6) 0.070
 Sport index 0.1 (0.4)   0.1 (0.5) 0.0 (0.3) 0.021*
  Rural 0.0 (0.3) 0.014* 0.0 (0.2) 0.0 (0.3) 0.503
  Urban 0.1 (0.5) 0.2 (0.8) 0.0 (0.3) 0.002*
 Leisure index 1.9 (0.9)   2.1 (0.9) 1.8 (0.8) <0.001*
  Rural 1.9 (0.9) 0.909 2.1 (1.0) 1.8 (0.8) <0.001*
  Urban 1.9 (0.9) 2.1 (0.9) 1.8 (0.9) <0.001*
 Total PA index 5.0 (1.7)   5.5 (2.4) 4.9 (1.3) <0.001*
  Rural 5.0 (1.8) 0.423 5.5 (2.4) 4.8 (1.4) <0.001*
  Urban 5.1 (1.6) 5.5 (2.1) 4.9 (1.2) <0.001*
 PA category (%)
  Low PA (%) 97 (10.7)   42 (15.2) 55 (8.7) <0.001*
  Moderate PA (%) 686 (75.3)   161 (58.4) 525 (82.8)
  High PA (%) 127 (14.0)   73 (26.4) 54 (8.5)
IPAQ-SF
 Vigorous PA (min/wk) 50.9 (130.4)   84.3 (174.6) 36.4 (102.3) <0.001*
  Rural 56.6 (136.6) 0.118 95.1 (167.4) 40.5 (117.8) <0.001*
  Urban 42.9 (121.0) 70.1 (183.5) 30.6 (74.7) 0.003*
 Moderate PA (min/wk) 272.3 (288.4)   336.4 (335.7) 244.4 (260.6) <0.001*
  Rural 229.9 (264.3) <0.001* 302.2 (324.9) 199.6 (227.9) <0.001*
  Urban 331.4 (309.8) 381.5 (345.7) 308.6 (289.8) 0.033*
 Walking (min/wk) 240.9 (255.7)   277.1 (272.9) 225.2 (246.5) 0.005*
  Rural 215.7 (207.5) <0.001* 249.5 (244.2) 201.4 (188.4) 0.015*
  Urban 276.2 (307.0) 313.6 (303.8) 259.1 (308.5) 0.110
 Total PA (MET-min/wk) 2291.3 (2188.6)   2934.3 (2744.3) 2011.5 (1829.8) <0.001*
  Rural 2084.2 (2194.4) 0.001* 2792.6 (2761.6) 1786.1 (1829.9) <0.001*
  Urban 2580.3 (2150.3) 3121.2 (2721.7) 2333.6 (1784.2) 0.001*
 MVPA (min/wk) 323.1 (358.6)   420.5 (437.5) 280.8 (309.2) <0.001*
  Rural 286.5 (354.7) <0.001* 397.3 (437.8) 239.9 (301.9) <0.001*
  Urban 374.2 (358.3) 451.1 (437.1) 339.1 (310.5) 0.005*
 Sedentary time (min/wk) 297.8 (162.1)   311.4 (190.6) 291.8 (147.8) 0.093
  Rural 285.2 (163.9) 0.006* 304.1 (198.1) 277.3 (146.8) 0.085
  Urban 315.2 (158.2) 321.1 (180.6) 312.5 (147.1) 0.625
Activity group (%)
 Inactive 150 (16.5)   57 (20.7) 93 (14.7) <0.001*
 Not sufficiently active (%) 221 (24.3)   43 (15.6) 178 (28.1)  
 Sufficiently active (%) 539 (59.2)   176 (63.8) 363 (57.3)
  1. SD standard deviation, PA physical activity, MVPA moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, min/wk minutes per week
  2. *significant P-value
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