Skip to main content

Table 5 Results of depression prevalence rates in individual studies (total n = 2574)

From: Extreme weather events in developing countries and related injuries and mental health disorders - a systematic review

Study (author/year) Country (HDI a) Event/year N Assessment tool Time point measured Depression prevalence
Cross sectional studies
 Goenjian et al. 2001 [25] Nicaragua (medium) Storm, Hurricane Mitch, 1998 158 students Depression Self-Rating Scale (DSRS) 6 months post 81 %, 51 %, 29 %b
 Kar et al. 2004 [33] India (medium) Storm, super-cyclone, 1999 540 HADS & SRQ 5 months post 52.7 %
 Kar & Bastia 2006 [34] India (medium) Storm, super-cyclone, 1999 108 students Clinical examination & MINI-KID 14 months post 17.6 %
 Kohn et al. 2005 [44] Honduras (medium) Storm, Hurricane Mitch, 1998 800 DSM-IV/ICD-10 Symptom checklist 2 months post 19.7 %, 17.7 %, 18.8 %c
 Patrick & Patrick 1981 [38] Sri Lanka (high) Storm, cyclone, 1978 171 CMI 1 month post 41 %
Cohort study
 Amstadter et al. 2009 [24] Vietnam (medium) Storm, Typhoon Xangsan, 2006 797 Pre: SRQ; Post: Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV 3 months post 5.9 %
  1. Explanation: aHuman Development Index category;b 3 differently affected cities; c3 age groups