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Table 2 Infant mortality during war for all mothers based on the 2007 and 2013/2014 DHS

From: The effect of war on infant mortality in the Democratic Republic of Congo

  Bivariate model 1 Bivariate model 2 Bivariate model 3
Calendar year
 Pre-war, 1989–1995 1   
 War, 1996–2003 1.10**   
 Post-war, 2004–2010 0.74***   
Number of conflict events
 No conflict events   1  
 Low   1.03  
 Medium   1.15**  
 High   1.35***  
Number of deaths
 No deaths    1
 Low    1.09*
 Medium    1.12**
 High    1.36***
Constant 0.00 0.00 0.00
Insig2u 0.20 0.20 0.20
Sigma_u 1.11 1.11 1.11
Rho 0.27 0.27 0.27
chi2 109.31 42.67 42.49
  1. (*)p < 0.10, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001