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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants, anthropometrics, muscular fitness, clinical and metabolic biomarkers, LMCRI and CMRSI by BMI

From: High muscular fitness has a powerful protective cardiometabolic effect in adults: influence of weight status

Characteristics of the participants   BMI Groups
All participants (n = 6,095) BMI Normal (n = 4,814) BMI OW/OB (n = 1,281)
Age (years) 29.6 ± 11.7 25.1 ± 9.3 36.1 ± 11.8*
Smoking n, (%) 803 (13.1) 604 (12.5) 199 (15.5)
BM (kg) 62.3 ± 11.8 58.2 ± 8.3 76.1 ± 11.3*
Height (m) 1.65 ± 0.1 1.65 ± 0.09 1.66 ± 0.09*
BMI (kg•m−1) 22.8 ± 3.4 21.3 ± 2.0 27.6 ± 2.6*
WC (cm) 81.0 ± 11.8 75.3 ± 6.8 92.7 ± 11.4*
SBP (mmHg) 114.0 ± 14.0 112.7 ± 13.5 118.9 ± 14.7*
DBP (mmHg) 70.0 ± 10.0 69.3 ± 9.9 72.9 ± 10.0*
MBP (mmHg) 85.8 ± 9.6 85.8 ± 9.6 85.9 ± 9.6
MF (kg) 29.9 ± 10.3 29.4 ± 10.1 32.1 ± 11.0*
MF / BM (kg) 0.494 ± 0.189 0.508 ± 0.191 0.444 ± 0.175*
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 165.4 ± 44.6 155.4 ± 38.4 185.8 ± 49.0*
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 114.9 ± 80.7 89.2 ± 45.4 168.1 ± 107.0*
LDL-c (mg/dL) 92.5 ± 34.4 86.7 ± 28.3 105.3 ± 42.9*
HDL-c (mg/dL) 47.7 ± 16.8 49.1 ± 18.3 44.4 ± 12.0*
Glucose (mg/dL) 80.3 ± 13.6 77.3 ± 12.2 86.1 ± 14.2*
LMCRI 0.167 ± 1.337 −0.291 ± 0.841 1.127 ± 1.644*
CMRSI −1.064 ± 0.369 −1.102 ± 0.365 −0.899 ± 0.343*
  1. Mean ± standard deviation. ANOVA test was used to examine any significant difference by BMI group
  2. OW/OB overweight/obese; BM body mass; BMI body mass index; WC waist circumference; SBP systolic blood pressure; DBP diastolic blood pressure; MBP Mean blood pressure; MF muscular fitness; LMCRI lipid–metabolic cardiovascular risk index; CMRSI Cardiometabolic Risk Factor Score Index
  3. * Differences between normal and overweight/obese BMI groups (P < 0.001)