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Table 4 Individual and community characteristics linking transition from sexual debut to first birth among females aged 15 to 19 years

From: Community social capital on the timing of sexual debut and teen birth in Nicaragua: a multilevel approach

Variables Model 1
uHR (95 % CI)
n = 1 247
Model 2
aHR (95 % CI)
n = 1 247
Model 3
aHR (95 % CI)
n = 1 247
Community social capital (z-score)
 % of community inhabitants that have lived in the same neighborhood less than 10 years 1.10 (1.01–1.20)** 1.06 (0.97–1.16) 1.04 (0.94–1.14)
 % of community inhabitants that are Catholics 1.00 (0.91–1.10) 0.99 (0.89–1.10) 1.03 (0.91–1.16)
 % of community inhabitants with no religion 1.02 (0.93–1.11) 1.02 (0.93–1.12) 1.01 (0.91–1.12)
 % of females in the community aged 15 to 49 years with onset sexual debut 0.93 (0.85–1.02) 0.89 (0.81–0.98)** 0.62 (0.53–0.70)***
 % of females in the community aged 15 to 49 years currently having a child 1.13 (1.04–1.22)*** 1.23 (1.12–1.36)*** 1.76 (1.52–2.02)***
 % of community inhabitants with secondary school or higher 1.14 (1.06–1.24)*** 0.94 (0.83–1.06) 0.89 (0.78–0.99)**
Individual characteristics    
 Women’s education (years) 0.94 (0.91–0.96)***   0.95 (0.92–0.99)**
 Age of sexual onset
   < 15 years 1   
  16 to 19 years 0.92 (0.74–1.15)   1.20 (0.95–1.52)
Wealth index quintiles
  Poorest 1   1
  Poorer 0.68 (0.52–0.89)**   0.73 (0.54–1.00)
  Middle 0.62 (0.45–0.87)**   0.74 (0.50–1.10)
  Richer 0.65 (0.50–0.86)**   0.80 (0.56–1.16)
  Richest 0.71 (0.53–0.94)**   1.03 (0.68–1.54)
Woman’s religion
  No religion 1   1
  Catholics 0.92 (0.73–1.16)   0.89 (0.68–1.15)
  Protestants 0.84 (0.66–1.05)   0.84 (0.65–1.09)
 Residence area    
  Urban 1   1
  Rural 1.46 (1.22–1.74)***   1.11 (0.82–1.49)
 Marital status
  Unmarried/no cohabitation 1   1
  Married 1.51 (1.25–1.84)***   1.36 (1.12–1.67)**
 Have you ever had abortions
  No 1   1
  Yes 1.05 (0.82–1.34)   1.05 (0.81–1.35)
  1. ** Significant at 5 % level
  2. *** Significant at 1 % level
  3. Model 1.uHR: Unadjusted hazard ratio
  4. Model 2.aHR: Adjusted hazard ratio were estimated entering each community variable separately while adjusting for individual-level variables
  5. Model 3.aHR: Adjusted hazard ratio were estimated with community – and individual-level variables entered simultaneously
  6. All hazard ratios were estimated taking into account household sampling weight
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