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Table 3 Prevalence of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in oil-producing countries of the Arabian Peninsula (Behavioural epidemiology framework, Phase 3)

From: A systematic review of physical activity and sedentary behaviour research in the oil-producing countries of the Arabian Peninsula

Author Country Sample Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Measurement Tool Physical Activity Sedentary Behaviour
Adults
 Al-Hazzaa HM [76] 4, Saudi Arabia 1,064 adults aged 15–78 years IPAQ short Men: 56.3 %  
Women: 65.7 %
Total: 59.4 %
 Allam AR [158], Saudi Arabia 194 medical students IPAQ short Men: 36.2 %  
Women: 35.0 %
Total: 35.5 %
 Al-Nozha MM [39] 2, 4, Saudi Arabia 17,395 adults aged 30–70 years Validated questionnaire on Leisure time physical activity and walking Men: 6.1 %  
Women: 1.9 %
 Al Thani M [69], Qatar 747 women aged 18–64 years GPAQ Women: 44.2 % Mean total sitting time:
183.6 ± 168.3 min/day
 Awadalla NJ [72] 4, Saudi Arabia 1257 health professional college students IPAQ short Men: 43.7 %  
Women: 41.2 %
Total: 42.0 %
 Banday AH [159], Saudi Arabia 106 Primary Health care Physicians aged 27–63 years GPAQ Total: 65.2 %  
 Carter AO [160], UAE 175 Medical students aged 19–27 years Nurses’ Health Study II Total: 67.0 %  
 El-Aty, MA [54] 2, Oman 3137 adults aged 18+ years GPAQ Men: 68.0 % Prevalence (6+ hrs/day):
Women: 59.5 % Men: 21.5 %
Total: 63.4 % Women: 25.6 %
Total: 23.7 %
 Khalaf A [161], Saudi Arabia 663 female university students ATLS Women: 62.4 %  
 Koura MR [162], Saudi Arabia 370 women college students GPAQ Women: 46.8 %  
 Mabry RM [70] 4, Oman 1,335 adults aged 20 years and older GPAQ   Prevalence (3+ hrs/day):
Men: 64.8 %
Women: 37.8 %
Total: 45.3 %
Children and adolescents
 Al-Hazzaa HM [86] 4, Saudi Arabia 2,866 school students aged 15–19 years ATLS Boys: 43.8 %  
Girls: 20.2 %
Total: 31.5 %
 Al-Hazzaa HM [78], Saudi Arabia 2,908 secondary-school students aged 14–19 years ATLS Boys: 55.5 % Computer/TV time >2 h/day:
Girls: 21.9 % Boys: 84.0 %
Girls: 91.2 %
 Al-Hazzaa HM [81], Saudi Arabia 2,886 students aged 15–19 years ATLS Boys: 55.0 % Computer/TV time >3 h/day:
Girls: 21.7 % Boys: 69.8 %
Girls: 81.8 %
 Al-Hazzaa HM [80] 4, Saudi Arabia 1,648 students aged 14–18 years ATLS Boys: 53.4 % Mean computer/TV time (hrs/day):
Girls: 19.1 %
Total: 36.0 % Boys: 5.31 ± 3.1
Girls: 5.89 ± 3.3
Computer/TV time >2 h/day:
Boys: 84.2 %
Girls: 91.6 %
Total: 88.0 %
 Al-Hazzaa HM [65], Saudi Arabia 224 preschool children aged 3.4 to 6.4 years unknown   Mean TV time (minutes/day):
Boys: 162.4 ± 69.9
Girls: 147.7 ± 61.7
Total: 154.8 ± 66.1
 Allafi A [77], Kuwait 906 Adolescents aged 14–19 years ATLS Boys:70.5 % % watch >2 h of TV/day:
Girls: 39.2 % Boys: 69.7 %
Girls: 72.7 %
% use computers >2 h/day:
Boys: 62.1 %
Girls: 70.0 %
 Al-Nakeeb Y [57]2, Saudi Arabia 2,290 school students aged 15–17 years ATLS Boys: 45.8 % Mean time watching TV (hrs/day):
Girls: 4.5 %
Total: 26.0 % Boys: 2.51
Girls: 2.61
Mean computer time (hrs/day):
Boys: 2.41
Girls: 3.18
 Al-Nuaim AA [58] 2, Saudi Arabia 1,270 school students aged 15–19 years ATLS Boys: 44.5 % Mean time watching TV (hrs/day):
Girls: 4.0 %
Boys: 2.49
Girls: 2.60
Mean computer time (hrs/day):
Boys: 2.43
Girls: 3.19
 Farghaly NF [163], Saudi Arabia 767 students aged 7–20 years unknown   Mean TV time (hrs/day)
Total: 1.0 ± 1.0
Mean computer game time (hrs/day)
Total: 0.7 ± 0.9
 Gharib NM [164], Bahrain 2,594 school children aged 6–18 years Unknown   Mean hours of TV/Video/week:
Boys: 11.5
Girls: 31.2
Mean hours of computer time/week:
Boys: 3.3
Girls: 2.7
 Kilani H [82], Oman 802 adolescents aged 15–18 years ATLS Boys: 66.7 % Mean screen time (hrs/day):
Girls: 23.1 % Boys: mean 2.86 SD2.3
Girls: mean 3.70 SD2.9
 Mahfouz AA [84], Saudi Arabia 1,869 adolescent aged 11–19 years CDC Adolescent Health adapted   Watched > 3 h TV/daily:
Boys: 38.0 %
Girls: 52.7 %
 Mahfouz AA [83], Saudi Arabia 2,696 adolescent school boys aged 11–19 years Arabic version of CDC Adolescent Health Survey   Watched > 3 h TV/daily:
Total: 38 %
 Musaiger AO [85], Saudi Arabia 512 girl school students aged 12–19 years unknown   ≥3 h TV time/day:
Girls: 60.9 %
 Yousef, S [43] 2, UAE 197 school children aged 6–10 years Unknown   % TV viewing/Video games > 2 h/day:
Total: 62.9 %
 Youssef RM [74], Oman 439 secondary-school students aged 15–20 years unknown   % TV time ≥3 h/day:
Boys: 21.1 %
Girls: 25.3 %
Total: 23.2 %
% computer ≥3 h/day:
Boys: 26.6 %
Girls: 31.5 %
Total: 29.2 %
  1. GPAQ global physical activity questionnaire, IPAQ international physical activity questionnaire, ATLS Arab teens lifestyle student questionnaire
  2. Physical activity presented as percentage meeting recommendations: 150 min of moderate-intensity per week for adults and 60 min of moderate-intensity 7 days a week for adolescents except for Qatar which is for at least 5 days a week; Sedentary Behaviour presented as prevalence (%) or Mean sitting time; All studies were population-based surveys that aimed to include a representative sample and used standard measures for PA
  3. Super-script number (s)−cross referencing to additional table (s) article in which article is included