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Table 1 Description of Demographic and Health Surveys data by countries, sex, smoking status and HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa, 2003–2012

From: Influence of socioeconomic position and gender on current cigarette smoking among people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: disentangling context from composition

    Female Male
Country Survey year Number of neighbourhoods Response rate Sample size HIV prevalence (%) Cigarette smoker (%) Response rate Sample size HIV prevalence (%) Cigarette smoker (%)
Burkina Faso 2010 169 98.4 104 1.2 0.0 99.2 65 0.8 26.2
Burundi 2010 165 96.4 109 1.7 0.0 99.1 56 1.0 12.5
Cameroon 2011 653 97.3 435 5.6 1.1 98.9 218 2.9 24.8
Cote d’Ivoire 2011–12 9008 92.7 4656 4.6 0.2 97.7 4352 2.7 22.8
Ethiopia 2011 569 95.0 370 1.9 0.3 98.1 199 1.0 17.6
Gabon 2012 487 98.2 316 5.8 3.5 99.3 171 2.2 30.4
Ghana 2003 1358 95.7 540 2.7 0.2 98.7 818 1.6 13.1
Kenya 2008–09 472 96.3 318 8.0 0.9 97.7 154 4.6 24.7
Lesotho 2009 1540 97.9 997 26.7 0.6 97.6 543 18.4 41.6
Liberia 2013 210 97.6 147 2.0 2.7 99.4 63 1.7 12.7
Malawi 2010 1425 96.9 892 12.9 0.9 98.0 533 8.4 21.2
Niger 2012 8628 95.4 5102 0.4 0.0 98.1 3526 0.4 14
Rwanda 2010 420 99.1 266 3.7 1.5 99.7 154 2.2 23.4
Sao Tome and Principe 2008–09 76 89.8 37 1.3 2.7 94.2 39 1.8 10.3
Senegal 2010–11 93 92.7 61 0.8 0.0 98.2 32 0.5 15.6
Sierra Leone 2013 96 97.2 64 1.7 3.1 99.3 32 1.3 34.4
Swaziland 2006–07 2142 94.1 1438 31.1 2.1 94.8 704 19.7 24.7
Zambia 2007 1598 96.5 949 16.1 0.6 97.8 649 12.3 31.6
Zimbabwe 2010–11 5028 93.3 2782 17.7 0.3 96.0 2246 12.3 23.1