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Table 3 Bidirectional associations between overweight including obesity (OWOB) and two dichotomized indicators of psychosocial health, poor health related quality of life (PHRQOL) and poor well-being (PWB)

From: Bidirectional associations between psychosocial well-being and body mass index in European children: longitudinal findings from the IDEFICS study

A: Incidence of poor health
Modela Predictor at baseline Subsample Outcome
OR (95 % CI)
P-value
   No OWOB at baseline (n = 6,412) OWOB at follow-up  
1a PHRQOL   0.95 (0.78, 1.15) 0.58
1b PWB   1.39 (1.03, 1.86) 0.03
1cb PWB without PHRQOL   1.02 (0.56, 1.86) 0.95
  PWB with PHRQOL   1.68 (1.16, 2.42) 0.006
  PWB × PHRQOL   1.63 (0.81, 3.29) 0.17
   No PHRQOL at baseline (n = 5,451) PHRQOL at follow-up  
2 OWOB   1.23 (1.03, 1.48) 0.02
   No PWB at baseline (n =7,213) PWB at follow-up  
3 OWOB   1.05 (0.79, 1.41) 0.74
B: Recovery from poor health
   OWOB at baseline (n = 1,397) No OWOB at follow-up  
1a Good health related quality of life   0.87 (0.61, 1.24) 0.44
1b Good well-being   1.38 (0.84, 2.27) 0.21
   PHRQOL at baseline (n = 2,343) No PHRQOL at follow-up  
2 No OWOB   1.04 (0.84, 1.30) 0.70
   PWB at baseline (n =597) No PWB at follow-up  
3 No OWOB   1.33 (0.87, 2.02) 0.19
  1. The top part of the table refers to the incidence of poor health in the subsample of children without symptoms at baseline (A). The bottom part of the table considers the recovery from poor health in the subsample of children with corresponding symptoms at baseline (B)
  2. Footnotes: OR (95 % CI): odds ratio (95 % confidence interval)
  3. Overweight including obesity (OWOB), defined according to Cole 2012 and poor health related quality of life (PHRQOL) measured by KINDL® and poor well-being (PWB) measured by Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire
  4. aLogistic regression adjusted for age, sex, parental education, intervention, and country
  5. bModel 1c investigates the interaction between PWB and PHRQOL at baseline with respect to OWOB at follow-up in children without overweight at baseline