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Table 5 Kakwani index of progressivity in selected publications

From: Does cost sharing do more harm or more good? - a systematic literature review

  Group   Kakwani index Ability to pay Reference
Year OOP Private health insurance Total healthcare financing Household expenditures Disposable income
1 Canada 1 2001 (non seniors) −0.373 −0.100    x [10]
2001 (seniors) −0.299 NA
2004 (non seniors) −0.253
2004 (seniors) −0.078
2004 −0.195 −0.099 −0.087
2,3 China Heilongjiang province 2002 (urban) 0.088 NA   x  
2002 (rural) 0.075
2007 (urban) −0.020
2007 (rural) 0.027
China Gansu province 2002 (urban) 0.0455 0.0854 0.0431 x   [18]
2002 (rural) 0.0448 0.0810 0.0148
2007 (urban) 0.0488 0.0089 0.0351
2007 (rural) 0.0086 0.2534 −0.0226
4 Columbia 1984 −0.009 NA x x [14]
1997 0.003
5 Iran 1984 (urban) 0.455 NA x   [19]
1984 (rural) 0.443
2010 (urban) 0.446
2010 (rural) 0.417
6 Thailand 2000 −0.150 −0.362 −0.004   x [12]
2002 −0.076 −0.391 0.001
2004 −0.076 −0.323 0.034
2006 −0.045   0.041
7,8 Turkey 2003 −0.147 NA   x [15]
2006 −0.152
2003 0.079 x   [16]
2006 0.009
2009 −0.028
9 Vietnam Insured (1999) from (−0.244) to (−0.065) NA x   [13]
Uninsured (1999) from (−0.242) to (−0.173)
10 Czech Republic 2 2007 −0.084 NA x   [22]
2008 −0.125
2009 −0.114
11 Estonia 2000 −0.300 NA 0.032 x   [20]
2007 −0.379 0.005
12 Hungary 2005 −0.220 NA   x [21]
2006 −0.224
2007 −0.220
2008 −0.215
13 Slovakia 2001 −0.170 NA 0.020   x [11]
2005 −0.210 −0.010
14 Bulgaria 3 1995 −0.320 NA −0.258 x   [23]
2001 −0.396 −0.316
15 France 2001 0.043 −0.248 NA x   [25]
2004 0.046 −0.254
16 Ireland 1987/1988 −0.010 0.080 NA   x [24]
1999/2000 −0.100 0.060
2004/2005 −0.108 −0.032