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Table 2 Distributions of mental health across characteristics of the 16–29-year-old participants, with number of participants (n), column percentages (%) and Chi Square tests (p-value)

From: Mental health and school dropout across educational levels and genders: a 4.8-year follow-up study

  Participants Poor mental health Good mental health P-value
  n (%) n (%) n (%)
Gender
 Females 1617 (51.4) 468 (62.1) 1149 (48.0) <.0001
 Males 1529 (48.6) 285 (37.9) 1244 (52.0)
Age
 16–20 1293 (41.1) 299 (39.7) 994 (41.5) 0.4052
 21–25 1009 (32.1) 238 (31.6) 771 (32.2)
 26–30 844 (26.8) 216 (28.7) 628 (26.2)
Parental Education
 Elementary School 385 (12.2) 102 (13.6) 283 (11.8) 0.4218
 Upper secondary 1619 (51.5) 386 (51.3) 1233 (51.5)
 Higher 1142 (36.3) 265 (35.2) 877 (36.7)
Ethnicity
 Ethnic Danes 3077 (97.8) 730 (97.0) 2347 (98.1) 0.0643
 Non-ethnic Danes 69 (2.2) 23 (3.0) 46 (1.9)
Educational activities
 Student, Elementary school 241 (7.7) 48 (6.4) 193 (8.1) <.0001
 Student, Vocational secondary 508 (16.2) 99 (13.2) 409 (17.1)
 Student, General secondary 648 (20.6) 158 (21.0) 490 (20.5)
 Student, Higher education 368 (11.7) 100 (13.3) 268 (11.2)
 Early school leavers 204 (6.5) 79 (10.5) 125 (5.2)
 Vocational educated 557 (17.7) 127 (16.9) 430 (18.0)
 General secondary educated 389 (12.4) 97 (13.0) 292 (12.2)
 Higher educated 231 (7.3) 45 (6.0) 186 (7.8)
Parental income
 Low 1048 (33.3) 296 (39.3) 752 (31.4) 0.0003
 Middle 1048 (33.3) 226 (30.0) 822 (34.4)
 High 1050 (33.3) 231 (30.7) 819 (34.22)
Dropout during follow up
 Yes 124 (8.1) 40 (11.2) 84 (7.2) 0.0154
 No 1400 (91.9) 317 (88.8) 1083 (92.8)