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Table 3 Results of the final multinomial logistic regression model for the prediction of OS participation (reference group: maintenance)

From: Determinants of organised sports participation patterns during the transition from childhood to adolescence in Germany: results of a nationwide cohort study

Model Variable Dropout RRR (95 % Cl) Commencement RRR (95 % Cl) Nonparticipation RRR (95 % Cl)
1 Sex
 Boys 0.6 (0.5–0.7)* 0.6 (0.5–0.8)* 0.6 (0.4–0.7)*
 Girls 1.0 1.0 1.0
Age group
 8–10 years 1.5 (1.3–1.9)* 0.6 (0.5–0.8)* 1.0 (0.8–1.2)
 6–7 years 1.0 1.0 1.0
Parental education
 Low 0.9 (0.7–1.3) 1.5 (1.1–2.1)* 1.5 (1.1–2.0)*
 Intermediate 1.0 1.0 1.0
 High 0.7 (0.5–0.9)* 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 1.1 (0.9–1.4)
Household income
 Low 1.4 (1.1–1.8)* 1.5 (1.1–2.0)* 2.2 (1.7–2.8)*
 Middle 1.0 1.0 1.0
 High 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.6 (0.5–0.8)*
Migrant background
 Yes 1.3 (0.9–1.9) 1.2 (0.7–1.9) 1.4 (0.9–2.1)
 No 1.0 1.0 1.0
2 Family form
 No single-parent 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 0.7 (0.5–1.0)* 0.7 (0.5–1.0)
 Single-parent 1.0 1.0 1.0
3 Overweight/obesity
 Yes 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 1.0 (0.7–1.5) 1.3 (1.0–1.8)
 No 1.0 1.0 1.0
General health status
 Not very good 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.2 (1.0–1.4)
 Very good 1.0 1.0 1.0
Special health care needs
 Yes 1.2 (1.0–1.6) 1.2 (0.8–1.7) 0.9 (0.7–1.3)
 No 1.0 1.0 1.0
Psychopathological problems
 Yes 1.2 (0.9–1.6) 0.9 (0.6–1.4) 1.6 (1.2–2.1)*
 No 1.0 1.0 1.0
Motor fitness
 Below-average 1.4 (1.0–1.8)* 1.8 (1.3–2.5)* 1.7 (1.3–2.2)*
 Average 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Above-average 0.7 (0.5–0.9)* 0.6 (0.4–0.8)* 0.4 (0.3–0.6)*
4 Screen-based media use
 Low 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 1.0 (0.7–1.3) 0.9 (0.7–1.2)
 Middle 1.0 1.0 1.0
 High 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.4 (1.1–1.9)* 1.3 (1.0–1.7)
5 Residential area size
 Rural area 1.0 (0.7–1.4) 1.4 (0.9–2.2) 1.6 (1.0–2.6)*
 Small-sized city 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 1.0 (0.7–1.5)
 Medium-sized city 1.0 (0.7–1.2) 0.9 (0.6–1.3) 1.0 (0.7–1.4)
 Metropolitan city 1.0 1.0 1.0
  1. *p < .05; n = 3091