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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the study sample at KiGGS0

From: Determinants of organised sports participation patterns during the transition from childhood to adolescence in Germany: results of a nationwide cohort study

Characteristics Girls (n = 1705) Boys (n = 1766) Total (n = 3471)
Age in years (mean) 8.4 8.5 8.5
Parental education (%)
 Low 12.3 11.2 11.8
 Intermediate 55.7 55.3 55.5
 High 32.0 33.4 32.8
Household income (%)
 Low 31.5 32.1 31.8
 Middle 37.4 37.9 37.6
 High 31.1 30.0 30.5
Migrant background (% yes) 8.8 9.8 9.3
Family form (% single parent) 9.3 8.8 9.1
Overweight/obesity (% yes) 12.4 13.3 12.8
General health status (% not very good) * 54.6 60.1 57.4
Special health care needs (% yes) * 11.6 20.1 15.9
Psychopathological problems (% yes) * 17.9 10.1 14.1
Motor fitness (%)
 Below-average 16.2 17.3 16.8
 Average 65.6 63.6 64.6
 Above-average 18.3 19.0 18.7
Screen-based media use (%) *
 Low 42.9 31.7 37.2
 Middle 34.3 35.2 34.8
 High 22.8 33.1 28.0
Residential area size (%)
 Rural 22.4 21.8 22.1
 Small-sized city 27.9 29.0 28.4
 Medium-sized city 29.9 28.5 29.2
 Metropolitan city 19.9 20.7 20.3
  1. *boys and girls significantly different, p < .05 (Chi-square-test with Rao-Scott correction)