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Table 3 Socio-demographic and bodyweight characteristics of men and women in the acculturation and bodyweight sample (n = 2 997)

From: Ethnic differences in overweight and obesity and the influence of acculturation on immigrant bodyweight: evidence from a national sample of Australian adults

  Men (FB Only)
(n = 1 457, 48.6 %)
27.1(5.2) mean BMI(SD)
64.9%Owt/Obese
Women (FB Only)
(n = 1 540, 51.4 %)
25.9 (6.0) mean BMI(SD)
47.8%Owt/Obese
% Mean BMI (SD) %Owt/ Obese % Mean BMI (SD) %Owt/ Obese
Length of residence in Australia
  < 5 years 6.7 25.3 (4.1) 49.0 9.1 23.2 (4.2) 25.7
 5–9 years 6.2 25.8 (4.6) 57.1 5.8 24.9 (9.0) 31.5
 10–14 years 7.8 26.7 (6.2) 56.6 9.2 24.7 (5.2) 41.1
  ≥ 15 years 79.3 27.3 (5.1) 67.6 76.0 26.4 (5.8) 52.4
Age at Arrival
  ≥ 25 years (arrived as adult) 44.9 26.7 (5.1) 62.6 45.1 25.5 (5.8) 46.2
 18–24 years (arrived as young adult) 18.8 26.7 (4.6) 62.6 19.7 25.2 (5.1) 44.2
 12–17 years (arrived as an adolescent) 8.0 28.0 (6.2) 70.1 9.0 26.2 (5.5) 50.0
 0–11 years (arrived as young child) 28.3 27.5 (5.3) 68.5 26.2 27.0 (6.8) 52.5
Age
 18–24 years 5.4 24.9 (4.2) 40.5 4.7 22.4 (4.1) 23.3
 25–34 years 11.9 25.9 (4.6) 50.0 12.3 23.9 (5.7) 28.6
 35–44 years 15.0 27.2 (4.2) 65.3 16.9 25.6 (5.9) 43.8
 45–54 years 22.5 27.3 (5.0) 68.9 21.8 25.7 (5.8) 46.7
 55–64 years 20.6 28.0 (5.5) 73.7 21.9 27.0 (6.7) 54.3
 65–74 years 15.5 27.5 (5.6) 69.0 13.8 27.2 (5.4) 60.6
  > 75 years 9.0 26.2 (4.6) 61.1 8.6 26.7 (4.9) 62.1
Remoteness
 Major City 76.9 27.0 (5.1) 64.5 77.9 25.8 (6.0) 46.7
 Inner Regional Australia 15.8 27.3 (5.7) 64.1 13.9 26.1 (5.2) 51.4
 Outer Regional Australia 5.9 27.2 (4.9) 68.6 6.8 27.0 (6.7) 52.4
 Remote and Very Remote Australia 1.3 27.9 (4.0) 78.9 1.4 24.9 (5.1) 48.6
Highest attained education level
 Bachelor + 32.3 26.7 (5.3) 61.1 33.6 24.6 (5.1) 38.8
 Diploma 11.0 26.7 (4.8) 60.6 10.7 25.1 (6.2) 41.2
 Certificate (trade/business) 24.9 27.3 (4.4) 70.8 13.4 26.7 (6.4) 53.4
 School - Year 12 and below 31.8 27.4 (5.6) 65.5 42.3 26.9 (6.2) 54.8
Occupation
 Managers and professionals 29.2 26.8 (4.7) 65.0 22.5 25.0 (4.9) 40.9
 White Collar 12.8 26.9 (5.5) 61.5 23.6 25.4 (6.1) 41.8
 Blue Collar 25.0 27.3 (4.8) 65.1 7.3 26.0 (6.5) 42.9
 Unemp/Not in Labour Force 32.9 27.2 (5.7) 65.8 46.6 26.5 (6.2) 54.9
Household Income
  > $130,000 k per annum 18.3 26.8 (4.4) 61.3 15.7 24.7 (5.4) 38.4
 $72,800–$129,999 35.4 27.4 (5.2) 68.6 33.1 25.6 (5.5) 46.9
 $52,000–$72,799 16.3 26.2 (4.5) 58.6 15.9 25.8 (6.3) 43.3
 $41,600–$51,999 7.6 27.1 (5.7) 63.1 7.5 25.9 (5.4) 44.8
 $26,000–$41,599 14.1 27.6 (6.1) 68.0 14.3 26.8 (6.7) 55.4
 $0–$25,999 8.3 27.0 (5.4) 65.3 13.4 27.0 (6.4) 59.9
Neighbourhood Disadvantage
 Quintile 5 (least disadvantage) 24.8 26.5 (3.7) 62.7 23.6 24.3 (4.7) 36.1
 Quintile 4 20.4 26.7 (4.8) 63.8 21.3 25.8 (5.4) 48.2
 Quintile 3 16.7 28.0 (6.3) 68.7 18.1 26.1 (6.5) 48.2
 Quintile 2 20.0 27.5 (5.7) 70.8 19.5 25.9 (5.9) 48.2
 Quintile 1 (most disadvantage) 18.0 26.8 (5.4) 58.9 17.5 27.8 (7.0) 62.2
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, FB foreign born, Owt overweight, SD standard deviation