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Table 4 Relative risks (RR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) of exposure to psychological well-being at T1 - tertiles and frequencies of onset and persistence of screen time by gender. ELANA Study 2010 and 2012

From: Changes in physical activity and screen time related to psychological well-being in early adolescence: findings from longitudinal study ELANA

  Onset of Screen Time Persistence of Screen Time
Psychological well-being Not became Became    Not persist Persist   
  N (%) N (%) Crude RR (95 % CI) Adjusted RRa (95 % CI) N (%) N (%) Crude RR (95 % CI) Adjusted RRb (95 % CI)
Male
 Poor 8 (6.1) 9 (6.8) 1.1 (0.9–1.5) 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 8 (5.6) 9 (6.3) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.8 (0.7–1.1)
 Good1 69 (52.3) 46 (34.8) 1.0 - 1.0 - 34 (23.8) 92 (64.3) 1.0 - 1.0 -
Female
 Poor 10 (7.5) 3 (2.3) 1.3 (1.1–1.7) 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 6 (5.2) 14 (12.2) 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 1.0 (0.8–1.2)
 Good1 61 (45.9) 59 (44.4) 1.0 - 1.0 - 31 (27.0) 64 (55.7) 1.0 - 1.0 -
  1. aAdjusted for age, screen time at T1, BMI, type of school and MVPA at T1 for male; age, screen time at T1 assets indicator, sexual maturation and MVPA at T1 females; bAdjusted for age, screen time at T1, assets indicator, BMI and MVPA at T1 for male; age, screen time at T1, type of school and MVPA at T1 for female; 1Reference category