Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of study population (n = 97)

From: Neighbourhood walkability and home neighbourhood-based physical activity: an observational study of adults with type 2 diabetes

  Overall Quartile of neighbourhood walkabilitya
  Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Age, years 59.5 (10.5) 60.6 (12.5) 58.8 (7.9) 57.7 (11.0) 60.6 (10.5)
Body mass index, kg/m2 31.5 (4.5) 32.2 (4.9) 32.6 (4.9) 30.9 (4.0) 30.5 (3.9)
Time since diabetes diagnosis, years 10.3 (7.6) 9.9 (8.3) 9.6 (8.3) 10.8 (5.7) 11.1 (8.0)
Years at current residential address 18.9 (13.9) 22.9 (14.1) 15.9 (10.8) 20.1 (14.4) 17.0 (15.7)
Daily steps, count 4980 (2798) 4261 (1970) 5957 (3214) 4256 (2548) 5359 (3026)
Residential self-selection 0.001 (0.93) −0.48 (0.71) −0.12 (0.90) 0.06 (0.85) 0.53 (0.96)
Valid wear time, days 5.9 (1.0) 6.0 (1.0) 5.8 (1.1) 5.6 (0.9) 6.0 (1.1)
Total valid monitoring wear-time overall, hours 86.1 (21.1) 90.6 (21.0) 84.3 (21.8) 83.7 (20.3) 85.9 (21.7)
Total valid monitoring wear-time in neighbourhoods, hours 1.7 (2.8) 0.8 (0.5) 1.5 (1.3) 2.6 (5.3) 1.9 (1.5)
Time in neighbourhood, % 1.9 (2.4) 0.8 (0.6) 1.9 (2.1) 2.6 (3.7) 2.3 (2.0)
Total VeDBA      
 Overall 615,687 (240,065) 601,822 (292,986) 619,913 (218,942) 611,492 (229,354) 628,632 (227,385)
 In residential neighbourhoods (excluding home) 26,113 (39,149) 12,021 (13,781) 23,811 (27,747) 36,999 (67,888) 31,929 (24,518)
  % % % % %
Women 43.3 33.3 32.0 60.9 48.0
Married/common-law 69.1 70.8 68.0 73.9 64.0
University education 53.6 70.8 60.0 30.4 52.0
Employed 61.9 58.3 64.0 65.2 60.0
Immigrant 51.6 45.8 44.0 56.5 60.0
Depressed mood 30.9 29.2 16.0 43.5 36.0
Dog ownership 16.5 29.2 12.0 13.0 12.0
Ever smoker 44.3 54.2 48.0 26.1 48.0
Insulin use 30.9 33.3 20.0 26.1 44.0
Car access 74.2 91.7 80.0 60.9 64.0
Spring/summer assessment (versus fall/winter) 40.2 33.3 24.0 47.8 56.0
  1. aQuartile cut-offs for the GIS-derived walkability index: Quartile 1: < −1.91 (n = 24); Quartile 2: ≥ − 1.91 < −0.04 (n = 25); Quartile 3: ≥ − 0.04 < 1.40 (n = 23); Quartile 4: ≥1.40 (n = 25); Neighbourhood walkability was based on polygonal-shaped buffers