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Table 1 Distribution between child mortality and socio-economic, demographic and geographic variables

From: Comparison of under-five mortality for 2000, 2005 and 2011 surveys in Ethiopia

Variables Survived under-five children
Yes % No % Total P-value
Year of the survey 2000 9501 87.9 % 1307 12.1 % 10,808 <0.000
2005 8871 91.2 % 851 8.8 % 9722  
2011 36,791 83.7 % 7179 16.3 % 43,970  
Region Tigray 6083 87.1 % 902 12.9 % 6985  
Affar 4443 83.0 % 913 17.0 % 5356 <0.001
Amhara 7766 84.4 % 1436 15.6 % 9202  
Oromiya 9027 86.0 % 1473 14.0 % 10,500  
Somali 3498 86.5 % 546 13.5 % 4044  
Ben-Gumz 4375 81.8 % 974 18.2 % 5349  
SNNP 8235 85.3 % 1421 14.7 % 9656  
Gambela 3299 84.6 % 599 15.4 % 3898  
Harari 3110 87.9 % 427 12.1 % 3537  
Addis 2474 92.9 % 190 7.1 % 2664  
Dire Dawa 2853 86.2 % 456 13.8 % 3309  
Type of place of residence Urban 8851 89.6 % 1028 10.4 % 9879 <0.001
Rural 46,312 84.8 % 8309 15.2 % 54,621  
Highest educational level No education 41,987 84.3 % 7802 15.7 % 49,789  
Primary 10,300 88.4 % 1356 11.6 % 11,656 0.058
Secondary 2239 94.0 % 142 6.0 % 2381  
Higher 637 94.5 % 37 5.5 % 674  
Religion Christian 31,224 86.3 % 4947 13.7 % 36,171  
Muslim 22,646 84.5 % 4139 15.5 % 26,785 <0.001
Other 1275 83.7 % 249 16.3 % 1524  
Currently pregnant No or unsure 50,077 85.7 % 8356 14.3 % 58,433 0.067
Yes 5086 83.8 % 981 16.2 % 6067  
Child is twin Single birth 54,219 86.2 % 8714 13.8 % 62,933  
1st of multiple 467 59.8 % 314 40.2 % 781 <0.001
2nd of multiple 476 60.9 % 305 39.1 % 781  
Sex of child Male 27,960 84.4 % 5158 15.6 % 33,118 <0.001
Female 27,203 86.7 % 4179 13.3 % 31,382  
Type of toilet facility No facility 31,730 85.1 % 5566 14.9 % 37,296  
Flush toilet 1247 89.3 % 149 10.7 % 1396 <0.001
Pit Latrine 21,095 86.0 % 3431 14.0 % 24,526  
Main floor material Natural floor/dung 47,253 84.8 % 8457 15.2 % 55,710  
Wood/parquet 3111 90.7 % 319 9.3 % 3430 <0.001
Cement 3525 91.2 % 342 8.8 % 3867  
Main wall material Natural walls 7562 83.2 % 1530 16.8 % 9092  
Rudimentary walls 34,017 85.0 % 5992 15.0 % 40,009 <0.001
Finished walls 3111 89.5 % 366 10.5 % 3477  
Main roof material Natural roofing 24,820 83.8 % 4786 16.2 % 29,606 <0.001
Rudimentary roofing 9076 86.2 % 1455 13.8 % 10,531  
Finished roofing 19,446 87.4 % 2810 12.6 % 22,256