|Tobacco||Processed food and soft drinks||Alcohol||Common|
• Tobacco consumption is a choice; p eople chose to smoke.|
• People have a right to smoke.
• Parents are responsible for ensuring that their children don’t smoke.
• Tobacco companies provide a product which people chose to consume.
• Tobacco companies have a right to promote a legal product.
• Sufficient legislation is in place to prevent children and adolescents from accessing tobacco; additional legislation is unnecessary.
• Tobacco companies, particularly those that produce products with less harm than traditional cigarettes, are legitimate partners in tobacco control policy and harm reduction strategies.
• People should be able to choose what they eat freely.|
• Parents are responsible for ensuring that their children eat healthy diets.
• What the food industry produces reflects what people want.
• Processed food and soft drinks companies are legitimate and crucial partners in the development and implementation of obesity and nutrition policies.
• Individuals are responsible for drinking alcohol safely and responsibly.|
• Parents are responsible for ensuring that their children don’t drink alcohol.
• The alcohol industry is not responsible for the irresponsible or dangerous behaviour of ‘problem drinkers’ (e.g. binge drinkers).
• Sufficient legislation is in place to prevent children and adolescents from accessing alcohol; additional legislation is inappropriate.
• Alcohol companies are legitimate and crucial partners in the development and implementation of alcohol policies.
• Individuals are responsible for their own well-being.|
• The best solutions to public health problems are individual level approaches.
• Tobacco, alcohol and food and drinks consumption are lifestyle issues.
• Resources should be allocated based on ability to pay, not need.
• Market forces are a suitable means to determine that the right products are available to the appropriate customers.
• Industry can help people make informed personal choices by providing information.
• Voluntary codes and self-regulation are more efficient, effective and appropriate than government regulation.
• ‘Nanny state governments’, that regulate what individuals can and cannot consume, deprive people of their freedom and liberty and coddle people, preventing them from the dignity of fending for themselves.
• People have a right to breathe air uncontaminated by second hand smoke.|
• Communities have a right to say no to targeted marketing of tobacco.
• Vulnerable populations, e.g. children and adolescents, have to be protected from marketing of tobacco, whose aim is to initiate and maintain addiction.
• Regulation of the industry is crucial to curtailing the epidemic.
• The tobacco industry has a responsibility to pay the costs of tobacco-related illnesses.
• Tobacco policy has to be protected from the vested interests of tobacco companies.
• All people and communities have a right to have access to healthy and affordable food.|
• Food companies should not promote unhealthy products, particularly not to children.
• Vulnerable populations, e.g. children and adolescents, have to be protected from targeted marketing of unhealthy food and drinks.
• Regulation of the industry is necessary to curtail obesity.
• Due to their commercial interests, processed food and soft drink industries should not be able to influence obesity and nutrition policies.
• Communities and governments have a duty to protect citizens from risky alcohol use.|
• Alcohol companies should not promote their products to children, adolescents, or problem drinkers.
• Vulnerable populations, e.g. children and adolescents, have to be protected from alcohol marketing, which aims to encourage unhealthy alcohol consumption and initiate and maintain addiction.
• Regulation of the industry is necessary to curtail harmful consumption of alcohol.
• Due to their commercial interests, alcohol companies should not be able to influence alcohol policy.
• Members of society have a shared responsibility to look after each other.|
• Vulnerable populations have to be protected from exploitation by more powerful societal actors.
• Public policy should make healthy behaviour the easier and more accessible choice.
• When markets fail to protect public health, communities and governments have a right and responsibility to act, e.g. by regulating industries and preventing corporations from influencing public health policies.