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Table 1 Sociodemographics and disability by AD diagnosis

From: Economic burden associated with alcohol dependence in a German primary care sample: a bottom-up study

  All patients Non-AD AD p a
N = 1,356 N = 1,213 N = 143
Sex (% female, CI) 56.9 (54.2–59.5) 59.8 (57.1–62.6) 33.0 (25.3–40.7) <.001
Age (%, CI)
 18–29 19.6 (17.5–21.7) 19.1 (16.9–21.3) 23.4 (16.5–30.3) .218
 30–39 17.9 (15.9–20.0) 17.9 (15.7–20.1) 18.3 (12.0–24.6) .908
 40–49 18.7 (16.6–20.8) 19.1 (16.9–21.4) 14.8 (9.0–20.7) .218
 50–64 43.8 (41.2–46.5) 43.9 (41.0–46.7) 43.5 (35.3–51.7) .930
Unemployment (%, CI) 12.4 (10.6–14.1) 11.8 (9.9–13.6) 17.0 (10.8–23.2) .078
Socioeconomic status (%, CI)
 Above average 20.1 (18.0–22.3) 19.3 (17.1–21.6) 26.8 (19.5–34.1) .037
 Average 69.0 (66.5–71.5) 70.0 (67.5–72.6) 60.5 (52.5–68.6) .021
 Below average 10.9 (9.2–12.5) 10.6 (8.9–12.4) 12.7 (7.2–18.2) .459
Disability score (WHODAS, mean, SD) 14.8 (14.7) 14.4 (14.4) 18.1 (16.2) .004
  1. Note
  2. AD Alcohol dependence, CI 95 % confidence interval, WHODAS World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0
  3. adifference between AD and non-AD cases was determined using Chi2-Tests (F-distribution) for binary variables (sex, age categories, unemployment, socioeconomic categories) and negative binomial regression for the count variable (WHODAS sum score)