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Table 2 Comparison of factors by suicide attempt among 2225 school-attending adolescents in Malawi, GSHS 2009

From: Suicide attempts and behavioral correlates among a nationally representative sample of school-attending adolescents in the Republic of Malawi

Variable No suicide attempt (n = 1,938) One or more suicide attempts (n = 287) P-value
Age (SD) 13.9 (0.89) 14.1 (0.87) <0.001
Lifetime sexual partners (SD) 1.3 (0.89) 1.6 (1.2) <0.001
Bullied 16.5 33.9 <0.001
Physical fight 8.1 20.7 <0.001
Sex (male) 47.0 45.0 0.514
Food deprivation 11.5 17.6 0.003
Physically attacked 17.0 38.4 <0.001
Early sexual debit 10.9 23.9 <0.001
Serious injury 27.4 52.5 <0.001
Physically bullied 5.4 13.4 <0.001
Loneliness 14.6 27.5 <0.001
Anxiety 10.8 27.1 <0.001
Suicide ideation 9.1 38.7 <0.001
Suicide planning 16.3 53.9 <0.001
Parental tobacco use 11.0 27.7 <0.001
Close friends 0.059
 0 8.2 13.0  
 1 34.2 32.6  
 2 27.3 27.2  
  ≥ 3 30.3 27.2  
 Use of alcohol at early age 7.3 21.3 <0.001
 Use of alcohol in past 30 days 4.0 16.2 <0.001
  1. All variables are expressed as proportions (in %) with the exception of age and life time sexual partners (mean and standard deviation)